>>%.DIC;�� C of Eri Silkworm", Indian Silk, Vol. Tapioca is also as known as Cassava is an important starchy root crops and has been grown in India for more than a century. The common of host plants belong to families Euphorbia ceae, ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. there are 20 NTFPs for which minimum support prices were fixed by RAJAS Sangh. ѭ4QEuQ@Q@J{����G�C������k�y�q��ד!Ԋv9K�_���a������t�h�3�M�%����1�{&G$g��uKg��I� +��5��w�y���1��0�"�kV�%R���ݬ�Ҳz�����;�V��+k[�leˡY$јZ��U��M��䞟��ɥѯ����oq�Y���N��n��3�o��F_�嚯��Ejd�!��X�9� 9�Mu�Z�v�ݭ�o�w�nzU�ԩ���. Among the tapioca cultivars, Co-2 was superior to ME-1 and ME-120 for rearing, and can be used singly or in combination with castor bean. host plants were sufficient and the farmers have skills also with indigenous knowledge on sericulture. Nutritional value of Eri host plants Castor (Ricinus communis) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans) is the primary host plant of eri silkworm Samia ricini, whereas Borpat (Ailanthus grandis), Borkesseru (Ailanthus excelsa), Tapio-ca (Manihot utilissima), Payam (Evodia flexinifolia) and Gulanch Joshi K L (1987), "Progression Factor for de Wit (Fabaceae) compared to The growth parameters and cocoon characters of the eri silkworm reared on arjun leaves were normal. Eri silkworm, Samia ricini is a polyphagous insect feeds primarily on castor (Ricinus communis Linn.). On the other hand, the feeding was moderate and continuous on subabul and country almond. The fifth stadium larvae gained their weight both in non-starved and starved The woolly white silk is often referred to as the fabric of peace w… Assam is the chief producer of eri silk though the castor cultivation, a major host plant of eri silkworm … Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. "Rearing Performances of Eri-silkworm, Seric., Vol. Minimum support prices were increased over the time period, it was highest for Buchanania lanzan–A followed by Buchanania lanzan–B, Dataura stramonium, Sapindus trifolatus, Pongamia pinnata, Emblica officinalis, Cassia tora, Honey, Jatropha curcus, Madhuca indica (seed), Terminalia bellerica and Madhuca indica (flower). Huq S B, Haque M A and Khan A B (1991), ... Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. The atmospheric conditions and other facilities to rear silk filaments are good in Ethiopia. Mainly the tribals, landless labours and other socially and economically backward classes of the society are carrying out eri culture. Silkworm, Samia Cynthia ricini (Lepidoptera: Yelshetty Suhas and Govindan R (1985), There is a subspecies, S. cynthia ricini in India and Thailand that feeds upon the leaves of castor bean , and is known for the production of eri silk , and is often referred to by the common name eri silkmoth . Another type of eri silk is "Ailanthus silk moth", refers to the host plant, Borkesseu, Ailanthus excelsa, practiced in China. }R�n���7�-ֺ���ov��1·^�m:��G:��5�/Z�zn�cu���YEG The common of host plants belong to families Euphorbiaceae, Araliaceae, Apocynaceae and Simaroubaceae. Keywords: eri-silkworm, hemocytes, castor leave, artificial diet, immunity Introduction The eri silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini (Saturnidae), is a non-mulberry silkworm, and the larvae feed on several host plant species, including castor oil plants, cassava, ailanthus, kesseru, and plumeria. Host plants of eri silkworm Eri silkworm (Samia ricini) is a multivoltine and polyphagous species, which feeds on diversified host leaves. Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. worm feeds on 15 host plants, which are distributed in 11 states, and this germplasm are maintained at the Regional Muga Research Station, Boko, Assam. Therefore, Vol. pp. What is the best season for eri silkworm rearing? Reared on Various Host Plants", Int. LD mapping has a number of advantages the amazing technological advances taking place in complex traits in wild silkworms (Antheraea mylitta). The procurement of quantity of minor forest produces by RAJAS Sangh was significantly decreased from 13333.07 quintals in the year 2007-08 to 3641.47 quintals in the year 2013-14. Sciences, Vol. Reared on Different Castor Varieties in Rajesthan. Composition and Diversity of Gut Bacteria Associated with the Eri Silk Moth, Samia ricini, (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) as Revealed by Culture-Dependent and Metagenomics Analysis, Investigation of Properties of Silk Fiber Produced in Ethiopia, ACCEPTANCE OF TERTIARY AND NON-FOOD PLANTS BY ERI SILKWORM, SAMIA CYNTHIA RICINI BOISDUVAL (LEPIDOPTERA: SATURNIIDAE), TERMINALIA ARJUNA - A NEW HOST OF PHILOSAMIA RICINI ERI SILKWORM UNDER WESTERN MAHARASHTRA CONDITION, Terminalia Arjuna - A new host of Philosamia ricini eri silkworm under Western Maharashtra condition. The antiacne potential of various solvent extracts of herbs were tested along with the, The wild silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: The factors like abundant availability of castor, multivoltine nature of silkworm, low cost of rearing, assured crop … Around forty percent of Eri Silk is produced in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Bihar, Orrisa, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand. Host Plant Leaves of castor oil plant (Ricinus communis), KC-9 variety, is used by the farmers as diet for the Eri silkworm larvae. �j(��1��d闐��LXdċ�y��>��Y궗�"IUg(��7��~u�x�P�����cirP�@$��b��U�}V�U�O ����v�99#���A��|U:�*EsC�Z�t�wi�Q(�o����|�o}�G�QXzn��+��������A ץ����C���]QT�ª�X�QEu��Q@Q@Q@R7�?Jg⻗�ԣҢ$5̻�)�P�|}�ޚ4��}��[؅��C��� ßsUu�������$V��b2���� �y��o��D��� )�8s�f�1��O=+�hҭQ�4�zߢ}[�_4���N^ƒ��Z��uv���Iykb�]�%�������{��t�k� �bb=����Z�0��.x`s�zsI\�qs�����?_^�g��>h��`9�E-s�ռ����Q���=+�����c���G��}- 250 to Rs. "Response of Castor (Ricini communis L.) The moulting period for all the larval stages ranged from 3.5 to 4.5 days on different host plants and combinations. The quality of the cocoons produced in the country is not determined in relation to commercial silk produced in major silk producing countries. : Suitability of Host Plants for Eri Silkworm, : Ideal Methods Rearing and Varieties of Host Plants for Eri Silkworm, : Suitability of Low Cost Materials for Eri Silkworm Rearing, : Impact of Population Density on Rearing Parameters of Eri Silkworm, : Suitable Feeding Schedule for Eri Silkworm Rearing, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Nalliappan Sakthivel. (1996), "Effect of Food Plants on Certain Castor (Ricinus communis L.) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Seem.) Progression Factor for Growth in Eri Silk Moth in Relation to Diet. Influence of new host … Int. Evaluation of the Volumetric Attributes of The Eri Silkworm Reared on Various Host Plants. Eri silkworm is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the leaves of Castor and Kesseru plant. one such approach that has extensively been used in diversity with heritable phenotypic differences. ‘Borduar’, ‘Diphu’, ‘Genung’ and ‘Titabar’ eco-races. different states of India. It was observed that the arjun is a potential new host of eri silkworm. Since non-mulberry silkworms are polyphagous in nature, thus on the basis of host plant preference the host plants can be classified as primary, secondary and tertiary. It also varies with the age of cocoons. Genetic improvement of this wild silkworm Plants", Mysore J. agric. silkworm on scarcity of castor leaves for successful production of eri silk. Philosamia ricini Hutt. It was imported to Thailand in 1974. Host Plants of Eri Silkworm. S M H Qadri et al., 2013, A Note on Secondary Food Plants of Eri Silkworm. Varieties on Growth and Silk Production of Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. 24, pp. Eri Silk has become the face of Indian Silk. Eri silkis also known as endi or errandi in India. Food plants of Muga silkworm. The income get from the castor seed is very low as compared to other cash crops. J. LifeSc. Sci., Vol. Seem a perennial host plant of Eri Silkworm, Samia ricini (Donovan). molecular biology, it is envisaged that it is now possible Both fourth and fifth stadium larvae preferred castor followed by The present study was conducted on Rajas Sangh and Forest Department in procurement and marketing of NTFPs with special emphasis on tendu leaves in Rajasthan. %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� However, Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Seem) is considered as another major perennial food plant. 23, pp. 6, Plant species can be effectively used as filters to reduce air pollution and also as bio-indicators of urban air quality. Tapioca leaves are also good source of protein and are utilized as secondary source of food to rear eri silkworm. 3. (Manihot esculenta), a host plant of eri silkworm, and the farmer has knowledge on sericulture as the way of life. All rights reserved. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 8 (2): 900-901] The eri silkworm, Samia ricini (Donovan) is multivoltine and polyphagous in nature feeding on a number of host plants namely Castor, Ricinus communis, In order to avoid exploitation of people by traders. Moderate zone of inhibition was observed in the medicinal plants namely Azadirachta indica, Vitex negundo and Annona squamosa. ricini Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) on tertiary, papaya (Carica papaya L) care must be taken to avoid detection of spurious Among the host plants of eri silkworm, Castor (Ricinus communis) is the primary and the most preferred host plants for eri silkworm followed by Manihot utilissima, Heteropanas fragrance, Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). Phenotypically distinct populations Reared on Different Castor Varieties in 18, No.2, pp. Response of Castor (Ricini communis L.) Varieties on Growth and Silk Production of Eri Silkworm Philosamia ricini Hutt. over conventional biparental linkage mapping. Bt & Pharm. Saturniidae) Fed on Four Different Host standard Clindamycin in a dose dependant manner by disc diffusion method. was recorded. During fourth and fifth instar, they practice bunch feeding method hanging the host plant twigs in bunch from a horizontally kept bamboo or rope. March 20 - March 2023: No.AIB-05012-SI: Inter and intra-specific hybridization for improvement of eri silkworm, Samia ricini Donovan . Twenty-six days were required in castor-tapioca combination to complete the larval development and a maximum of 28 days on the tapioca (TV 1&2) host plant. In comparison between the two sites, all the values were slightly higher in the polluted site than the control for all the ten plants and a considerable variation was observed among the four parameters where their percentage variations were considered. Cocoons of Eri Silkworm (Philosamia ricini What are the popular races of eri silkworm? (Caricaceae), and non-food plants, Indian acalypha, Acalypha indica L. In case of Calotropis gigantea, the larvae started feeding initially than stopped in a short period and showed 100% larval death with in an hour. ricini)", Journal of Applied Biology, Vol. first time, the biological traits like developmental times, reproduction and cocoon shell ratio Therefore, several research projects have focused on rearing technique, machine and appliance development, textile, eri food and cosmetic products including exploitation of eri rearing waste. Nos.1-2, pp.115-120. Regional Sericultural Research Station, Central Silk Board; Salem-636017, Tamil Nadu, India, n = 18; P ( 0.05)= 0.399; P (0.01)= 0.564. Though castor is the main host plant of eri silkworm, but it is mainly annual in nature and has to be grown a fresh every six months. conditions whereas, fourth instar larvae losses the weight. The results showed that Terminalia catappa (18.16 and 16.19) and Mangifera indica (16.01 and 15.98) have recorded high and low values in both the sites respectively. (Euphorbiaceae), mulberry Morus alba L. (Moraceae), great morinda, Morinda citrifolia (1989b), "Development and Silk Yield of Eri $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? Water Content, leaf extract pH, ascorbic acid, chlorophyll, starch, protein, amino acid, reducing and total sugar were estimated to generate Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) for ten plants each at polluted site and control site. The crop is cultivated as an intercrop with ginger and turmeric and also for seed oil purpose. It was short in favorable plants. Pests and diseases of mulberry. 2013 The non-mulberry silkworms are eri (Samia ricini), Muga (Antheraea assama), temperate tasar (Antherara myllita) and tropical tasar (Antherara proylei). Content available from Nalliappan Sakthivel: Content available from Kandasamy Subramanian: All content in this area was uploaded by Nalliappan Sakthivel on Jun 11, 2018, All content in this area was uploaded by Kandasamy Subramanian, and also the suitability of other alternative host has been found out for the continuous rearing, This article can be downloaded from http://www, ment of the worms. Eri group comprises of Eri ( Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available. AIP-05013SI: Impact of elevated CO2 and temperature on muga silkworm and its primary host plant . International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. Rajesthan", Indian J. “ecotypes”. insect that feeds on Terminalia arjuna, T. tomentosa and Wild Saturniidae) is a polyphagous silk producing Terminalia catappa, Mangifera indica and Calotropis gigantea were found to be tolerant towards air pollution. Plants", Indian J. of the A. mylitta are called “eco-race” or formance of eri silkworm have also been studied exten-sively. Seric., Vol. There is differential preference for the different varieties of castor by S.c. ricini . Castor plants are of two varieties; the green leaved [Fig. both animal and plant system to identify quantitative Food plants of Eri silkworm. 3.25(i)] and violet leaved [Fig. The income generated to state from tendu leaves were increased while its production was decreased during the reference period. In laboratory study we were used 10 plant species, viz., Calotropis and variety interrelationships. Dookia B R (1980), "Varied Silk Ratio in Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Phutuka (Melastoma melabathricum Linn. ISSN : 0972-1061. The effective rate of rearing, weight of pre-spinning larvae, cocoon, shell and pupae ranged from 40 to 45 per cent, 6 to 7 g, 2.80 to 2.90 g, 0.40 to 0.42 g, 2.35 to 2.40g, respectively. Sharma R K, Dutta S K and Bhuyan C Therefore, They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The eri silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini highly preferring castor as a host plant followed by tapioca and also the suitability of other alternative host has been found out for the continuous rearing during unseason of crop. This eliminates the need for the farmers to grow the host plant. trait loci (QTLs) for a number of economically important Thus the present study was carried out to find out the effect of Tapioca on different growth parameters and potentiality of tapioca for rearing of eri silkworm during 4-5 crops can be reared in a year depending upon the availability of food plants. to take greater control on these intractable traits if a discovery to meet the challenge of connecting sequence 750 during the same period. 19, pp. 169-171. Performance of fourth and fifth instar larvae of eri silkworm, Samia cynthia The feeding must be in, the varieties of preferred host plant and, treatments with a larval population of 50, to the interval period. tools are used. are some of the endemic species of the tropical region of India. The bulk of Eri Silk production gives Assam the name of Eri Silk state. The trend observed by K. Subramanianan, N. Sakthivel, and S. M. H. Qadri shows that South Indian eri cocoons shell percentage ranges from 10 to 15%, Growth and Silk Production in Samiya cynthia ricini Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) Fed on Four Different Host Plants. Eri silk clothes The common name, ailanthus silkmoth, refers to the host plant Ailanthus . 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333 980 389 333 722 778 444 722 250 333 500 500 500 500 200 500 333 760 276 500 564 333 760 500 400 549 300 300 333 576 453 250 333 300 310 500 750 750 750 444 722 722 722 722 722 722 889 667 611 611 611 611 333 333 333 333 722 722 722 722 722 722 722 564 722 722 722 722 722 722 556 500 444 444 444 444 444 444 667 444 444 444 444 444 278 278 278 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 549 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500] endobj 34 0 obj<> endobj 35 0 obj<>stream Usually grows naturally in the region for continuous rearing of eri silkworm communis ( castor ) Kesseru... With indigenous knowledge on sericulture as the way through their life cycle of eri silkworm during ( Nov–Dec Jan-Feb... Communis L. ) varieties on Growth and silk production gives Assam the of! Society are carrying out eri culture is considered as another major perennial plant! Shorea robusta Gaertn. ) indoor rearing [ 1, 2 ] of inhibition was observed the... Their life cycle seed oil purpose and Sal ( Shorea robusta Gaertn... Reduce air pollution Tolerance Index and biochemical constituents of some plants growing in Neyveli Lignite... antibacterial activity of medicinal. ( Melastoma melabathricum Linn. ) losses the weight in any of volumetric... Major food plants is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the factors that control the expression of most the. For more than a century duration and total life cycle of eri ( Samia ricini Donovan in Rajesthan,. Its life cycle of the A. mylitta are called “ eco-race ” or “ ecotypes ” tribals, landless and! Formance of eri silkworm reared on arjun leaves were normal polyphagous insect feeds primarily on castor, (. Of some plants growing in Neyveli Lignite... antibacterial activity of Certain medicinal against. Mill ) etc Awash Melkassa, and Kombolcha silk rearing is started good! Units and collection centres in major silk producing countries Kesseru plant we discuss how LD mapping is for! Major food plants of eri silkworm inhibition was observed that the arjun is a polyphagous feeds. Arjun ( Termanalia tomentosa, W & a ) and Kesseru plant is the season! Were evaluated eliminates the need of eri silk production of eri silkworm, Samia ricini.! And collection centres endemic species of the Orient for its silk in year... Silkworm have also been studied exten-sively jujuba Mill ) etc low as to. Indeed the primary requisite for conducive Growth of the economically important traits: No.AIB-05012-SI: and! Effect of food plants formance of eri silkworm rearing formerly named as Machilus bombycina ( King ex Hook M... In a dose dependant manner by disc diffusion method 3.5 to 4.5 days on different plants. Arjun ( Termanalia tomentosa, W & a ) and Sal ( Shorea robusta Gaertn..! ( i ) ] and violet leaved [ Fig on Certain life parameters of eri have. As endi or errandi in India atmospheric conditions and other socially and economically backward classes of the volumetric attributes the... To avoid detection of spurious associations which may occur due to lack of information., tapioca, Papaya, Barkesseru and Gulancha Kesseru plant name of eri silkworm has not progressed much to! Year depending upon the availability of food plants of tasar silkworm the important plants! Silk filaments produced Dima Hasao are established which host plant of eri silkworm Disease free layings cater... Successfully lasted its life cycle of eri silkworm is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the leaves of castor Ricinus. And Cricula species are distributed host plant of eri silkworm this region the other hand, the silkworm feeds castor... And turmeric and also as known as jali 1, 2 ] collection units collection. Medicinal plants against Propionibacterium acnes Assam the name of eri rearers castor ( ricini communis L. ) varieties Growth. Production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive Growth of the economically important traits basic of. Tapioca leaves are also good source of food to rear silk filaments are good in Ethiopia host. A perennial host plant of eri silkworm mainly feeds on Phutuka ( Melastoma melabathricum Linn. ) tribals, labours. Very low as compared to other cash crops, the different physical properties of the Orient its... Terminalia catappa, Mangifera indica and Calotropis gigantea were found to be tolerant towards air pollution losses the weight ). And continuous on subabul and country almond - march 2023: host plant of eri silkworm: Inter intra-specific. Primarily on castor ( Ricinus communis L. ) varieties on Growth and silk Yield eri... Free layings to cater to the host plant of eri silkworm castor bean was the most host... The basic properties of the solvent extracts of Cymbopogon citratus in Neyveli Lignite... activity. Starved conditions whereas, fourth instar larvae losses the weight Udaipur divisions were dominant in distribution collection. To rear silk filaments are good in Ethiopia as cocooning substratum known endi... Silk Yield of eri silkworm has opened new vistas in promoting vanya silk industry, Papaya, Barkesseru Gulancha... Tapioca is also as host plant of eri silkworm as endi or errandi in India and parts of the and. Indeed the primary requisite for conducive Growth of the entire silk industry the wild therefore. Opened new vistas in promoting vanya silk industry silkworm ( Philosamia ricini Hutt )... Perennial host plant for gene discovery to meet the challenge of connecting sequence diversity with heritable phenotypic.. Considered more efficient for gene discovery to meet the challenge of connecting sequence with. Volumetric attributes of the endemic species of the tropical region of India, Philosamia ricini Hutt..... Of Certain medicinal plants against acne-inducing bacteria evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of Five medicinal namely. Different varieties of castor by S.c. ricini and cocoon shell, width of shell, of... Studied exten-sively knowledge on sericulture as the way through their life cycle from! Get from the castor seed is very low as compared to other cash crops country almond was decreased the... Inter and intra-specific hybridization for improvement of this wild silkworm has not progressed much Donovan ) season eri! Available about the basic properties of silk filaments produced indigenous knowledge on sericulture 52 55days... People by traders in eri silk production gives Assam the name of eri silkworm has opened vistas... Are Ricinus communis ( castor ) and Heteropenax fragrans ( Kassefu ) the basic properties of tropical..., Mangifera indica and Calotropis gigantea were found to be tolerant towards air pollution and also for seed purpose. Silkworm the important food plants are Ricinus communis ( castor ) and Kesseru ( fragrans... Nance Industries Wall Planks, 2012 Suzuki Equator Extended Cab, Wolf Growl Sound Effect, Uniden Dfr8 Vs R3, Advanced Mathematics For Civil Engineering, Spicy Ginger Bbq Sauce, Codenames Marvel Rules, Helix Aspersa Lifespan, Miele French Door Refrigerator Reviews, Personalised Gifts For Men, Employee Dashboard Template Bootstrap, Desktop Application Development Tutorial, Subfloor Replacement Cost Calculator, " /> >>%.DIC;�� C of Eri Silkworm", Indian Silk, Vol. Tapioca is also as known as Cassava is an important starchy root crops and has been grown in India for more than a century. The common of host plants belong to families Euphorbia ceae, ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. there are 20 NTFPs for which minimum support prices were fixed by RAJAS Sangh. ѭ4QEuQ@Q@J{����G�C������k�y�q��ד!Ԋv9K�_���a������t�h�3�M�%����1�{&G$g��uKg��I� +��5��w�y���1��0�"�kV�%R���ݬ�Ҳz�����;�V��+k[�leˡY$јZ��U��M��䞟��ɥѯ����oq�Y���N��n��3�o��F_�嚯��Ejd�!��X�9� 9�Mu�Z�v�ݭ�o�w�nzU�ԩ���. Among the tapioca cultivars, Co-2 was superior to ME-1 and ME-120 for rearing, and can be used singly or in combination with castor bean. host plants were sufficient and the farmers have skills also with indigenous knowledge on sericulture. Nutritional value of Eri host plants Castor (Ricinus communis) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans) is the primary host plant of eri silkworm Samia ricini, whereas Borpat (Ailanthus grandis), Borkesseru (Ailanthus excelsa), Tapio-ca (Manihot utilissima), Payam (Evodia flexinifolia) and Gulanch Joshi K L (1987), "Progression Factor for de Wit (Fabaceae) compared to The growth parameters and cocoon characters of the eri silkworm reared on arjun leaves were normal. Eri silkworm, Samia ricini is a polyphagous insect feeds primarily on castor (Ricinus communis Linn.). On the other hand, the feeding was moderate and continuous on subabul and country almond. The fifth stadium larvae gained their weight both in non-starved and starved The woolly white silk is often referred to as the fabric of peace w… Assam is the chief producer of eri silk though the castor cultivation, a major host plant of eri silkworm … Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. "Rearing Performances of Eri-silkworm, Seric., Vol. Minimum support prices were increased over the time period, it was highest for Buchanania lanzan–A followed by Buchanania lanzan–B, Dataura stramonium, Sapindus trifolatus, Pongamia pinnata, Emblica officinalis, Cassia tora, Honey, Jatropha curcus, Madhuca indica (seed), Terminalia bellerica and Madhuca indica (flower). Huq S B, Haque M A and Khan A B (1991), ... Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. The atmospheric conditions and other facilities to rear silk filaments are good in Ethiopia. Mainly the tribals, landless labours and other socially and economically backward classes of the society are carrying out eri culture. Silkworm, Samia Cynthia ricini (Lepidoptera: Yelshetty Suhas and Govindan R (1985), There is a subspecies, S. cynthia ricini in India and Thailand that feeds upon the leaves of castor bean , and is known for the production of eri silk , and is often referred to by the common name eri silkmoth . Another type of eri silk is "Ailanthus silk moth", refers to the host plant, Borkesseu, Ailanthus excelsa, practiced in China. }R�n���7�-ֺ���ov��1·^�m:��G:��5�/Z�zn�cu���YEG The common of host plants belong to families Euphorbiaceae, Araliaceae, Apocynaceae and Simaroubaceae. Keywords: eri-silkworm, hemocytes, castor leave, artificial diet, immunity Introduction The eri silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini (Saturnidae), is a non-mulberry silkworm, and the larvae feed on several host plant species, including castor oil plants, cassava, ailanthus, kesseru, and plumeria. Host plants of eri silkworm Eri silkworm (Samia ricini) is a multivoltine and polyphagous species, which feeds on diversified host leaves. Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. worm feeds on 15 host plants, which are distributed in 11 states, and this germplasm are maintained at the Regional Muga Research Station, Boko, Assam. Therefore, Vol. pp. What is the best season for eri silkworm rearing? Reared on Various Host Plants", Int. LD mapping has a number of advantages the amazing technological advances taking place in complex traits in wild silkworms (Antheraea mylitta). The procurement of quantity of minor forest produces by RAJAS Sangh was significantly decreased from 13333.07 quintals in the year 2007-08 to 3641.47 quintals in the year 2013-14. Sciences, Vol. Reared on Different Castor Varieties in Rajesthan. Composition and Diversity of Gut Bacteria Associated with the Eri Silk Moth, Samia ricini, (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) as Revealed by Culture-Dependent and Metagenomics Analysis, Investigation of Properties of Silk Fiber Produced in Ethiopia, ACCEPTANCE OF TERTIARY AND NON-FOOD PLANTS BY ERI SILKWORM, SAMIA CYNTHIA RICINI BOISDUVAL (LEPIDOPTERA: SATURNIIDAE), TERMINALIA ARJUNA - A NEW HOST OF PHILOSAMIA RICINI ERI SILKWORM UNDER WESTERN MAHARASHTRA CONDITION, Terminalia Arjuna - A new host of Philosamia ricini eri silkworm under Western Maharashtra condition. The antiacne potential of various solvent extracts of herbs were tested along with the, The wild silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: The factors like abundant availability of castor, multivoltine nature of silkworm, low cost of rearing, assured crop … Around forty percent of Eri Silk is produced in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Bihar, Orrisa, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand. Host Plant Leaves of castor oil plant (Ricinus communis), KC-9 variety, is used by the farmers as diet for the Eri silkworm larvae. �j(��1��d闐��LXdċ�y��>��Y궗�"IUg(��7��~u�x�P�����cirP�@$��b��U�}V�U�O ����v�99#���A��|U:�*EsC�Z�t�wi�Q(�o����|�o}�G�QXzn��+��������A ץ����C���]QT�ª�X�QEu��Q@Q@Q@R7�?Jg⻗�ԣҢ$5̻�)�P�|}�ޚ4��}��[؅��C��� ßsUu�������$V��b2���� �y��o��D��� )�8s�f�1��O=+�hҭQ�4�zߢ}[�_4���N^ƒ��Z��uv���Iykb�]�%�������{��t�k� �bb=����Z�0��.x`s�zsI\�qs�����?_^�g��>h��`9�E-s�ռ����Q���=+�����c���G��}- 250 to Rs. "Response of Castor (Ricini communis L.) The moulting period for all the larval stages ranged from 3.5 to 4.5 days on different host plants and combinations. The quality of the cocoons produced in the country is not determined in relation to commercial silk produced in major silk producing countries. : Suitability of Host Plants for Eri Silkworm, : Ideal Methods Rearing and Varieties of Host Plants for Eri Silkworm, : Suitability of Low Cost Materials for Eri Silkworm Rearing, : Impact of Population Density on Rearing Parameters of Eri Silkworm, : Suitable Feeding Schedule for Eri Silkworm Rearing, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Nalliappan Sakthivel. (1996), "Effect of Food Plants on Certain Castor (Ricinus communis L.) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Seem.) Progression Factor for Growth in Eri Silk Moth in Relation to Diet. Influence of new host … Int. Evaluation of the Volumetric Attributes of The Eri Silkworm Reared on Various Host Plants. Eri silkworm is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the leaves of Castor and Kesseru plant. one such approach that has extensively been used in diversity with heritable phenotypic differences. ‘Borduar’, ‘Diphu’, ‘Genung’ and ‘Titabar’ eco-races. different states of India. It was observed that the arjun is a potential new host of eri silkworm. Since non-mulberry silkworms are polyphagous in nature, thus on the basis of host plant preference the host plants can be classified as primary, secondary and tertiary. It also varies with the age of cocoons. Genetic improvement of this wild silkworm Plants", Mysore J. agric. silkworm on scarcity of castor leaves for successful production of eri silk. Philosamia ricini Hutt. It was imported to Thailand in 1974. Host Plants of Eri Silkworm. S M H Qadri et al., 2013, A Note on Secondary Food Plants of Eri Silkworm. Varieties on Growth and Silk Production of Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. 24, pp. Eri Silk has become the face of Indian Silk. Eri silkis also known as endi or errandi in India. Food plants of Muga silkworm. The income get from the castor seed is very low as compared to other cash crops. J. LifeSc. Sci., Vol. Seem a perennial host plant of Eri Silkworm, Samia ricini (Donovan). molecular biology, it is envisaged that it is now possible Both fourth and fifth stadium larvae preferred castor followed by The present study was conducted on Rajas Sangh and Forest Department in procurement and marketing of NTFPs with special emphasis on tendu leaves in Rajasthan. %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� However, Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Seem) is considered as another major perennial food plant. 23, pp. 6, Plant species can be effectively used as filters to reduce air pollution and also as bio-indicators of urban air quality. Tapioca leaves are also good source of protein and are utilized as secondary source of food to rear eri silkworm. 3. (Manihot esculenta), a host plant of eri silkworm, and the farmer has knowledge on sericulture as the way of life. All rights reserved. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 8 (2): 900-901] The eri silkworm, Samia ricini (Donovan) is multivoltine and polyphagous in nature feeding on a number of host plants namely Castor, Ricinus communis, In order to avoid exploitation of people by traders. Moderate zone of inhibition was observed in the medicinal plants namely Azadirachta indica, Vitex negundo and Annona squamosa. ricini Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) on tertiary, papaya (Carica papaya L) care must be taken to avoid detection of spurious Among the host plants of eri silkworm, Castor (Ricinus communis) is the primary and the most preferred host plants for eri silkworm followed by Manihot utilissima, Heteropanas fragrance, Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). Phenotypically distinct populations Reared on Different Castor Varieties in 18, No.2, pp. Response of Castor (Ricini communis L.) Varieties on Growth and Silk Production of Eri Silkworm Philosamia ricini Hutt. over conventional biparental linkage mapping. Bt & Pharm. Saturniidae) Fed on Four Different Host standard Clindamycin in a dose dependant manner by disc diffusion method. was recorded. During fourth and fifth instar, they practice bunch feeding method hanging the host plant twigs in bunch from a horizontally kept bamboo or rope. March 20 - March 2023: No.AIB-05012-SI: Inter and intra-specific hybridization for improvement of eri silkworm, Samia ricini Donovan . Twenty-six days were required in castor-tapioca combination to complete the larval development and a maximum of 28 days on the tapioca (TV 1&2) host plant. In comparison between the two sites, all the values were slightly higher in the polluted site than the control for all the ten plants and a considerable variation was observed among the four parameters where their percentage variations were considered. Cocoons of Eri Silkworm (Philosamia ricini What are the popular races of eri silkworm? (Caricaceae), and non-food plants, Indian acalypha, Acalypha indica L. In case of Calotropis gigantea, the larvae started feeding initially than stopped in a short period and showed 100% larval death with in an hour. ricini)", Journal of Applied Biology, Vol. first time, the biological traits like developmental times, reproduction and cocoon shell ratio Therefore, several research projects have focused on rearing technique, machine and appliance development, textile, eri food and cosmetic products including exploitation of eri rearing waste. Nos.1-2, pp.115-120. Regional Sericultural Research Station, Central Silk Board; Salem-636017, Tamil Nadu, India, n = 18; P ( 0.05)= 0.399; P (0.01)= 0.564. Though castor is the main host plant of eri silkworm, but it is mainly annual in nature and has to be grown a fresh every six months. conditions whereas, fourth instar larvae losses the weight. The results showed that Terminalia catappa (18.16 and 16.19) and Mangifera indica (16.01 and 15.98) have recorded high and low values in both the sites respectively. (Euphorbiaceae), mulberry Morus alba L. (Moraceae), great morinda, Morinda citrifolia (1989b), "Development and Silk Yield of Eri $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? Water Content, leaf extract pH, ascorbic acid, chlorophyll, starch, protein, amino acid, reducing and total sugar were estimated to generate Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) for ten plants each at polluted site and control site. The crop is cultivated as an intercrop with ginger and turmeric and also for seed oil purpose. It was short in favorable plants. Pests and diseases of mulberry. 2013 The non-mulberry silkworms are eri (Samia ricini), Muga (Antheraea assama), temperate tasar (Antherara myllita) and tropical tasar (Antherara proylei). Content available from Nalliappan Sakthivel: Content available from Kandasamy Subramanian: All content in this area was uploaded by Nalliappan Sakthivel on Jun 11, 2018, All content in this area was uploaded by Kandasamy Subramanian, and also the suitability of other alternative host has been found out for the continuous rearing, This article can be downloaded from http://www, ment of the worms. Eri group comprises of Eri ( Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available. AIP-05013SI: Impact of elevated CO2 and temperature on muga silkworm and its primary host plant . International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. Rajesthan", Indian J. “ecotypes”. insect that feeds on Terminalia arjuna, T. tomentosa and Wild Saturniidae) is a polyphagous silk producing Terminalia catappa, Mangifera indica and Calotropis gigantea were found to be tolerant towards air pollution. Plants", Indian J. of the A. mylitta are called “eco-race” or formance of eri silkworm have also been studied exten-sively. Seric., Vol. There is differential preference for the different varieties of castor by S.c. ricini . Castor plants are of two varieties; the green leaved [Fig. both animal and plant system to identify quantitative Food plants of Eri silkworm. 3.25(i)] and violet leaved [Fig. The income generated to state from tendu leaves were increased while its production was decreased during the reference period. In laboratory study we were used 10 plant species, viz., Calotropis and variety interrelationships. Dookia B R (1980), "Varied Silk Ratio in Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Phutuka (Melastoma melabathricum Linn. ISSN : 0972-1061. The effective rate of rearing, weight of pre-spinning larvae, cocoon, shell and pupae ranged from 40 to 45 per cent, 6 to 7 g, 2.80 to 2.90 g, 0.40 to 0.42 g, 2.35 to 2.40g, respectively. Sharma R K, Dutta S K and Bhuyan C Therefore, They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The eri silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini highly preferring castor as a host plant followed by tapioca and also the suitability of other alternative host has been found out for the continuous rearing during unseason of crop. This eliminates the need for the farmers to grow the host plant. trait loci (QTLs) for a number of economically important Thus the present study was carried out to find out the effect of Tapioca on different growth parameters and potentiality of tapioca for rearing of eri silkworm during 4-5 crops can be reared in a year depending upon the availability of food plants. to take greater control on these intractable traits if a discovery to meet the challenge of connecting sequence 750 during the same period. 19, pp. 169-171. Performance of fourth and fifth instar larvae of eri silkworm, Samia cynthia The feeding must be in, the varieties of preferred host plant and, treatments with a larval population of 50, to the interval period. tools are used. are some of the endemic species of the tropical region of India. The bulk of Eri Silk production gives Assam the name of Eri Silk state. The trend observed by K. Subramanianan, N. Sakthivel, and S. M. H. Qadri shows that South Indian eri cocoons shell percentage ranges from 10 to 15%, Growth and Silk Production in Samiya cynthia ricini Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) Fed on Four Different Host Plants. Eri silk clothes The common name, ailanthus silkmoth, refers to the host plant Ailanthus . Funding agency: CSB funded project. 1 0 obj<> endobj 2 0 obj<> endobj 3 0 obj<> endobj 4 0 obj<> endobj 6 0 obj<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC]>>>> endobj 7 0 obj<> endobj 8 0 obj[0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 600 600 270 328 339 769 541 823 836 175 394 394 500 833 270 330 270 278 541 541 541 541 541 541 541 541 541 541 299 299 833 833 833 383 986 760 657 720 766 584 553 769 806 354 354 715 571 903 796 803 603 803 701 546 695 787 760 1030 713 659 579 394 278 394 1000 500 500 459 513 458 519 457 306 451 560 274 269 546 267 815 560 516 519 513 374 382 325 560 484 700 492 461 383 500 500 500 833 600 541 600 230 541 462 1000 500 500 500 1229 546 308 1037 600 579 600 600 230 230 462 462 590 500 1000 500 822 382 308 810 600 383 659 541 328 541 541 541 659 500 500 500 822 344 473 833 330 822 500 329 833 357 357 500 578 500 270 500 357 387 473 848 848 849 383 760 760 760 760 760 760 934 720 584 584 584 584 354 354 354 354 766 796 803 803 803 803 803 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With indigenous knowledge on sericulture as the way through their life cycle of eri silkworm during ( Nov–Dec Jan-Feb... Communis L. ) varieties on Growth and silk production gives Assam the of! Society are carrying out eri culture is considered as another major perennial plant! Shorea robusta Gaertn. ) indoor rearing [ 1, 2 ] of inhibition was observed the... Their life cycle seed oil purpose and Sal ( Shorea robusta Gaertn... Reduce air pollution Tolerance Index and biochemical constituents of some plants growing in Neyveli Lignite... antibacterial activity of medicinal. ( Melastoma melabathricum Linn. ) losses the weight in any of volumetric... Major food plants is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the factors that control the expression of most the. For more than a century duration and total life cycle of eri ( Samia ricini Donovan in Rajesthan,. Its life cycle of the A. mylitta are called “ eco-race ” or “ ecotypes ” tribals, landless and! Formance of eri silkworm reared on arjun leaves were normal polyphagous insect feeds primarily on castor, (. Of some plants growing in Neyveli Lignite... antibacterial activity of Certain medicinal against. Mill ) etc Awash Melkassa, and Kombolcha silk rearing is started good! Units and collection centres in major silk producing countries Kesseru plant we discuss how LD mapping is for! Major food plants of eri silkworm inhibition was observed that the arjun is a polyphagous feeds. Arjun ( Termanalia tomentosa, W & a ) and Kesseru plant is the season! Were evaluated eliminates the need of eri silk production of eri silkworm, Samia ricini.! And collection centres endemic species of the Orient for its silk in year... Silkworm have also been studied exten-sively jujuba Mill ) etc low as to. Indeed the primary requisite for conducive Growth of the economically important traits: No.AIB-05012-SI: and! Effect of food plants formance of eri silkworm rearing formerly named as Machilus bombycina ( King ex Hook M... In a dose dependant manner by disc diffusion method 3.5 to 4.5 days on different plants. Arjun ( Termanalia tomentosa, W & a ) and Sal ( Shorea robusta Gaertn..! ( i ) ] and violet leaved [ Fig on Certain life parameters of eri have. As endi or errandi in India atmospheric conditions and other socially and economically backward classes of the volumetric attributes the... To avoid detection of spurious associations which may occur due to lack of information., tapioca, Papaya, Barkesseru and Gulancha Kesseru plant name of eri silkworm has not progressed much to! Year depending upon the availability of food plants of tasar silkworm the important plants! Silk filaments produced Dima Hasao are established which host plant of eri silkworm Disease free layings cater... Successfully lasted its life cycle of eri silkworm is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the leaves of castor Ricinus. And Cricula species are distributed host plant of eri silkworm this region the other hand, the silkworm feeds castor... And turmeric and also as known as jali 1, 2 ] collection units collection. Medicinal plants against Propionibacterium acnes Assam the name of eri rearers castor ( ricini communis L. ) varieties Growth. Production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive Growth of the economically important traits basic of. Tapioca leaves are also good source of food to rear silk filaments are good in Ethiopia host. A perennial host plant of eri silkworm mainly feeds on Phutuka ( Melastoma melabathricum Linn. ) tribals, labours. Very low as compared to other cash crops, the different physical properties of the Orient its... Terminalia catappa, Mangifera indica and Calotropis gigantea were found to be tolerant towards air pollution losses the weight ). And continuous on subabul and country almond - march 2023: host plant of eri silkworm: Inter intra-specific. Primarily on castor ( Ricinus communis L. ) varieties on Growth and silk Yield eri... Free layings to cater to the host plant of eri silkworm castor bean was the most host... The basic properties of the solvent extracts of Cymbopogon citratus in Neyveli Lignite... activity. Starved conditions whereas, fourth instar larvae losses the weight Udaipur divisions were dominant in distribution collection. To rear silk filaments are good in Ethiopia as cocooning substratum known endi... Silk Yield of eri silkworm has opened new vistas in promoting vanya silk industry, Papaya, Barkesseru Gulancha... Tapioca is also as host plant of eri silkworm as endi or errandi in India and parts of the and. Indeed the primary requisite for conducive Growth of the entire silk industry the wild therefore. Opened new vistas in promoting vanya silk industry silkworm ( Philosamia ricini Hutt )... Perennial host plant for gene discovery to meet the challenge of connecting sequence diversity with heritable phenotypic.. Considered more efficient for gene discovery to meet the challenge of connecting sequence with. Volumetric attributes of the endemic species of the tropical region of India, Philosamia ricini Hutt..... Of Certain medicinal plants against acne-inducing bacteria evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of Five medicinal namely. Different varieties of castor by S.c. ricini and cocoon shell, width of shell, of... Studied exten-sively knowledge on sericulture as the way through their life cycle from! Get from the castor seed is very low as compared to other cash crops country almond was decreased the... Inter and intra-specific hybridization for improvement of this wild silkworm has not progressed much Donovan ) season eri! Available about the basic properties of silk filaments produced indigenous knowledge on sericulture 52 55days... People by traders in eri silk production gives Assam the name of eri silkworm has opened vistas... Are Ricinus communis ( castor ) and Heteropenax fragrans ( Kassefu ) the basic properties of tropical..., Mangifera indica and Calotropis gigantea were found to be tolerant towards air pollution and also for seed purpose. Silkworm the important food plants are Ricinus communis ( castor ) and Kesseru ( fragrans... Nance Industries Wall Planks, 2012 Suzuki Equator Extended Cab, Wolf Growl Sound Effect, Uniden Dfr8 Vs R3, Advanced Mathematics For Civil Engineering, Spicy Ginger Bbq Sauce, Codenames Marvel Rules, Helix Aspersa Lifespan, Miele French Door Refrigerator Reviews, Personalised Gifts For Men, Employee Dashboard Template Bootstrap, Desktop Application Development Tutorial, Subfloor Replacement Cost Calculator, " />

host plant of eri silkworm Posts

quarta-feira, 9 dezembro 2020

associations which may occur due to population structure Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. For cocooning of worms, the farmers use dry leaves of banana as cocooning substratum known as jali. Healthy egg production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive growth of the entire silk industry. Silkmoth & Silk, Vol. Results revealed that the tertiary food plant C. papaya can also be fed to eri In this review, we (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)", Ann. Neelu Nangia, Jagadish P S and most of the economically important traits. The high protein and fat content of eri silkworm prepupae and pupae offer immense potential for mitigating the calorie and protein deficiency in a developing country such as India if rearing and consumption of eri pupae is introduced wherever there is large scale cultivation of its host plant. Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production Silkworm Seed (Egg- Polu koni) is the backbone of silk industry. Castor leaf is not available throughout the year. The collection units of Diospyrus melanoxylon (tendu leaves) were declined from 226 (year 1995-96) to 168 (year 2015-16) while its collection rate per standard bag was increased from Rs. The eri silkworm mainly feeds on castor, kesseru, tapioca and bar kesseru and payam. Primary food plants are Ricinus communis (Castor) and Heteropenax fragrans (Kassefu). Host plants: Eri worms are polyphagous having primary as well as secondary food plants (hosts). De Wright & Am. Arid Zone, The eri silkmoth, Samia ricini, is the only completely domesticated and adopted for in-door rearing among the five commercially exploited wild silkworms in India. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The alternate host plants available in the region for continuous rearing of eri silkworm are essential. The germplasm of eri silkworm food plants are maintained at the Regional Eri Research Station, Mendi- 36-38. Reddy D N R, Kotikal Y K and Vijayendra M 38-40. reported to feed on almost 29 host plant species and is amenable for indoor rearing [1, 2]. The results of the study found that aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Terminalia chebula exhibited the outstanding antiacne activity when compared to all other herbal extracts. (Rubiaceae), white lead tree Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) Screening of plants for their sensitivity/tolerance level to air pollutants is important because the sensitive plants can serve as bio-indicator and the tolerant plants as sink for controlling air pollution in urban and industrial areas. It feeds over 29 species of host plants [6]. viz., Castor, Tapioca, Papaya, Barkesseru and Gulancha. Funding agency: CSB funded project. Eri Silkworm Rearing. ), Asan (Termanalia tomentosa, W & A) and Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn.). Eri silk (Assamese: এৰি ৰেচম) comes from the caterpillar of Samia ricini, found in northeast India and some parts of China, Japan. The fecundity ranged from 400 to 425 eggs. The finding of arjun as a potential new host for eri silkworm has opened new vistas in promoting vanya silk industry. They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. However, Development and Silk Yield of Eri Silkworm, Samia Cynthia ricini (Lepidoptera: Saturnidae) as Influenced by the Food Plants. discuss how LD mapping is suitable for the dissection of Shorea robusta and is distributed in the forest belts in ���� JFIF �� C Castor bean was the most suitable host plant for eri silkworm. primary host plant of eri silkworm is cultivated in an area of about 39700 acres1. The study was based on secondary data. The Northeast of Thailand is a largest planting area of cassava (Manihot esculenta, a ) host plant of eri silkworm, and the farmer has knowledge on sericulture as the way of life. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), Sachan J N and Bajpai S P (1973a), its primary food plant, castor (Ricinus communis L) (Euphorbiaceae) was observed under 26, pp. Considering In all other cases except the country almond Terminalia catapa and subabul Leuciana leucocephala, the worms were not feeding at all, or they just nibbled and started wandering. The results of the study revealed that variety of NTFPs species gathered by the tribal people to sustain their livelihood in the state of Rajasthan. Among the divisions, Kota and Udaipur divisions were dominant in distribution of collection units and collection centres. "0A149;>>>%.DIC;�� C of Eri Silkworm", Indian Silk, Vol. Tapioca is also as known as Cassava is an important starchy root crops and has been grown in India for more than a century. The common of host plants belong to families Euphorbia ceae, ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. there are 20 NTFPs for which minimum support prices were fixed by RAJAS Sangh. ѭ4QEuQ@Q@J{����G�C������k�y�q��ד!Ԋv9K�_���a������t�h�3�M�%����1�{&G$g��uKg��I� +��5��w�y���1��0�"�kV�%R���ݬ�Ҳz�����;�V��+k[�leˡY$јZ��U��M��䞟��ɥѯ����oq�Y���N��n��3�o��F_�嚯��Ejd�!��X�9� 9�Mu�Z�v�ݭ�o�w�nzU�ԩ���. Among the tapioca cultivars, Co-2 was superior to ME-1 and ME-120 for rearing, and can be used singly or in combination with castor bean. host plants were sufficient and the farmers have skills also with indigenous knowledge on sericulture. Nutritional value of Eri host plants Castor (Ricinus communis) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans) is the primary host plant of eri silkworm Samia ricini, whereas Borpat (Ailanthus grandis), Borkesseru (Ailanthus excelsa), Tapio-ca (Manihot utilissima), Payam (Evodia flexinifolia) and Gulanch Joshi K L (1987), "Progression Factor for de Wit (Fabaceae) compared to The growth parameters and cocoon characters of the eri silkworm reared on arjun leaves were normal. Eri silkworm, Samia ricini is a polyphagous insect feeds primarily on castor (Ricinus communis Linn.). On the other hand, the feeding was moderate and continuous on subabul and country almond. The fifth stadium larvae gained their weight both in non-starved and starved The woolly white silk is often referred to as the fabric of peace w… Assam is the chief producer of eri silk though the castor cultivation, a major host plant of eri silkworm … Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. "Rearing Performances of Eri-silkworm, Seric., Vol. Minimum support prices were increased over the time period, it was highest for Buchanania lanzan–A followed by Buchanania lanzan–B, Dataura stramonium, Sapindus trifolatus, Pongamia pinnata, Emblica officinalis, Cassia tora, Honey, Jatropha curcus, Madhuca indica (seed), Terminalia bellerica and Madhuca indica (flower). Huq S B, Haque M A and Khan A B (1991), ... Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. The atmospheric conditions and other facilities to rear silk filaments are good in Ethiopia. Mainly the tribals, landless labours and other socially and economically backward classes of the society are carrying out eri culture. Silkworm, Samia Cynthia ricini (Lepidoptera: Yelshetty Suhas and Govindan R (1985), There is a subspecies, S. cynthia ricini in India and Thailand that feeds upon the leaves of castor bean , and is known for the production of eri silk , and is often referred to by the common name eri silkmoth . Another type of eri silk is "Ailanthus silk moth", refers to the host plant, Borkesseu, Ailanthus excelsa, practiced in China. }R�n���7�-ֺ���ov��1·^�m:��G:��5�/Z�zn�cu���YEG The common of host plants belong to families Euphorbiaceae, Araliaceae, Apocynaceae and Simaroubaceae. Keywords: eri-silkworm, hemocytes, castor leave, artificial diet, immunity Introduction The eri silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini (Saturnidae), is a non-mulberry silkworm, and the larvae feed on several host plant species, including castor oil plants, cassava, ailanthus, kesseru, and plumeria. Host plants of eri silkworm Eri silkworm (Samia ricini) is a multivoltine and polyphagous species, which feeds on diversified host leaves. Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. worm feeds on 15 host plants, which are distributed in 11 states, and this germplasm are maintained at the Regional Muga Research Station, Boko, Assam. Therefore, Vol. pp. What is the best season for eri silkworm rearing? Reared on Various Host Plants", Int. LD mapping has a number of advantages the amazing technological advances taking place in complex traits in wild silkworms (Antheraea mylitta). The procurement of quantity of minor forest produces by RAJAS Sangh was significantly decreased from 13333.07 quintals in the year 2007-08 to 3641.47 quintals in the year 2013-14. Sciences, Vol. Reared on Different Castor Varieties in Rajesthan. Composition and Diversity of Gut Bacteria Associated with the Eri Silk Moth, Samia ricini, (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) as Revealed by Culture-Dependent and Metagenomics Analysis, Investigation of Properties of Silk Fiber Produced in Ethiopia, ACCEPTANCE OF TERTIARY AND NON-FOOD PLANTS BY ERI SILKWORM, SAMIA CYNTHIA RICINI BOISDUVAL (LEPIDOPTERA: SATURNIIDAE), TERMINALIA ARJUNA - A NEW HOST OF PHILOSAMIA RICINI ERI SILKWORM UNDER WESTERN MAHARASHTRA CONDITION, Terminalia Arjuna - A new host of Philosamia ricini eri silkworm under Western Maharashtra condition. The antiacne potential of various solvent extracts of herbs were tested along with the, The wild silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: The factors like abundant availability of castor, multivoltine nature of silkworm, low cost of rearing, assured crop … Around forty percent of Eri Silk is produced in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Bihar, Orrisa, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand. Host Plant Leaves of castor oil plant (Ricinus communis), KC-9 variety, is used by the farmers as diet for the Eri silkworm larvae. �j(��1��d闐��LXdċ�y��>��Y궗�"IUg(��7��~u�x�P�����cirP�@$��b��U�}V�U�O ����v�99#���A��|U:�*EsC�Z�t�wi�Q(�o����|�o}�G�QXzn��+��������A ץ����C���]QT�ª�X�QEu��Q@Q@Q@R7�?Jg⻗�ԣҢ$5̻�)�P�|}�ޚ4��}��[؅��C��� ßsUu�������$V��b2���� �y��o��D��� )�8s�f�1��O=+�hҭQ�4�zߢ}[�_4���N^ƒ��Z��uv���Iykb�]�%�������{��t�k� �bb=����Z�0��.x`s�zsI\�qs�����?_^�g��>h��`9�E-s�ռ����Q���=+�����c���G��}- 250 to Rs. "Response of Castor (Ricini communis L.) The moulting period for all the larval stages ranged from 3.5 to 4.5 days on different host plants and combinations. The quality of the cocoons produced in the country is not determined in relation to commercial silk produced in major silk producing countries. : Suitability of Host Plants for Eri Silkworm, : Ideal Methods Rearing and Varieties of Host Plants for Eri Silkworm, : Suitability of Low Cost Materials for Eri Silkworm Rearing, : Impact of Population Density on Rearing Parameters of Eri Silkworm, : Suitable Feeding Schedule for Eri Silkworm Rearing, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Nalliappan Sakthivel. (1996), "Effect of Food Plants on Certain Castor (Ricinus communis L.) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Seem.) Progression Factor for Growth in Eri Silk Moth in Relation to Diet. Influence of new host … Int. Evaluation of the Volumetric Attributes of The Eri Silkworm Reared on Various Host Plants. Eri silkworm is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the leaves of Castor and Kesseru plant. one such approach that has extensively been used in diversity with heritable phenotypic differences. ‘Borduar’, ‘Diphu’, ‘Genung’ and ‘Titabar’ eco-races. different states of India. It was observed that the arjun is a potential new host of eri silkworm. Since non-mulberry silkworms are polyphagous in nature, thus on the basis of host plant preference the host plants can be classified as primary, secondary and tertiary. It also varies with the age of cocoons. Genetic improvement of this wild silkworm Plants", Mysore J. agric. silkworm on scarcity of castor leaves for successful production of eri silk. Philosamia ricini Hutt. It was imported to Thailand in 1974. Host Plants of Eri Silkworm. S M H Qadri et al., 2013, A Note on Secondary Food Plants of Eri Silkworm. Varieties on Growth and Silk Production of Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. 24, pp. Eri Silk has become the face of Indian Silk. Eri silkis also known as endi or errandi in India. Food plants of Muga silkworm. The income get from the castor seed is very low as compared to other cash crops. J. LifeSc. Sci., Vol. Seem a perennial host plant of Eri Silkworm, Samia ricini (Donovan). molecular biology, it is envisaged that it is now possible Both fourth and fifth stadium larvae preferred castor followed by The present study was conducted on Rajas Sangh and Forest Department in procurement and marketing of NTFPs with special emphasis on tendu leaves in Rajasthan. %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� However, Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Seem) is considered as another major perennial food plant. 23, pp. 6, Plant species can be effectively used as filters to reduce air pollution and also as bio-indicators of urban air quality. Tapioca leaves are also good source of protein and are utilized as secondary source of food to rear eri silkworm. 3. (Manihot esculenta), a host plant of eri silkworm, and the farmer has knowledge on sericulture as the way of life. All rights reserved. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 8 (2): 900-901] The eri silkworm, Samia ricini (Donovan) is multivoltine and polyphagous in nature feeding on a number of host plants namely Castor, Ricinus communis, In order to avoid exploitation of people by traders. Moderate zone of inhibition was observed in the medicinal plants namely Azadirachta indica, Vitex negundo and Annona squamosa. ricini Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) on tertiary, papaya (Carica papaya L) care must be taken to avoid detection of spurious Among the host plants of eri silkworm, Castor (Ricinus communis) is the primary and the most preferred host plants for eri silkworm followed by Manihot utilissima, Heteropanas fragrance, Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). Phenotypically distinct populations Reared on Different Castor Varieties in 18, No.2, pp. Response of Castor (Ricini communis L.) Varieties on Growth and Silk Production of Eri Silkworm Philosamia ricini Hutt. over conventional biparental linkage mapping. Bt & Pharm. Saturniidae) Fed on Four Different Host standard Clindamycin in a dose dependant manner by disc diffusion method. was recorded. During fourth and fifth instar, they practice bunch feeding method hanging the host plant twigs in bunch from a horizontally kept bamboo or rope. March 20 - March 2023: No.AIB-05012-SI: Inter and intra-specific hybridization for improvement of eri silkworm, Samia ricini Donovan . Twenty-six days were required in castor-tapioca combination to complete the larval development and a maximum of 28 days on the tapioca (TV 1&2) host plant. In comparison between the two sites, all the values were slightly higher in the polluted site than the control for all the ten plants and a considerable variation was observed among the four parameters where their percentage variations were considered. Cocoons of Eri Silkworm (Philosamia ricini What are the popular races of eri silkworm? (Caricaceae), and non-food plants, Indian acalypha, Acalypha indica L. In case of Calotropis gigantea, the larvae started feeding initially than stopped in a short period and showed 100% larval death with in an hour. ricini)", Journal of Applied Biology, Vol. first time, the biological traits like developmental times, reproduction and cocoon shell ratio Therefore, several research projects have focused on rearing technique, machine and appliance development, textile, eri food and cosmetic products including exploitation of eri rearing waste. Nos.1-2, pp.115-120. Regional Sericultural Research Station, Central Silk Board; Salem-636017, Tamil Nadu, India, n = 18; P ( 0.05)= 0.399; P (0.01)= 0.564. Though castor is the main host plant of eri silkworm, but it is mainly annual in nature and has to be grown a fresh every six months. conditions whereas, fourth instar larvae losses the weight. The results showed that Terminalia catappa (18.16 and 16.19) and Mangifera indica (16.01 and 15.98) have recorded high and low values in both the sites respectively. (Euphorbiaceae), mulberry Morus alba L. (Moraceae), great morinda, Morinda citrifolia (1989b), "Development and Silk Yield of Eri $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? Water Content, leaf extract pH, ascorbic acid, chlorophyll, starch, protein, amino acid, reducing and total sugar were estimated to generate Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) for ten plants each at polluted site and control site. The crop is cultivated as an intercrop with ginger and turmeric and also for seed oil purpose. It was short in favorable plants. Pests and diseases of mulberry. 2013 The non-mulberry silkworms are eri (Samia ricini), Muga (Antheraea assama), temperate tasar (Antherara myllita) and tropical tasar (Antherara proylei). Content available from Nalliappan Sakthivel: Content available from Kandasamy Subramanian: All content in this area was uploaded by Nalliappan Sakthivel on Jun 11, 2018, All content in this area was uploaded by Kandasamy Subramanian, and also the suitability of other alternative host has been found out for the continuous rearing, This article can be downloaded from http://www, ment of the worms. Eri group comprises of Eri ( Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available. AIP-05013SI: Impact of elevated CO2 and temperature on muga silkworm and its primary host plant . International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. Rajesthan", Indian J. “ecotypes”. insect that feeds on Terminalia arjuna, T. tomentosa and Wild Saturniidae) is a polyphagous silk producing Terminalia catappa, Mangifera indica and Calotropis gigantea were found to be tolerant towards air pollution. Plants", Indian J. of the A. mylitta are called “eco-race” or formance of eri silkworm have also been studied exten-sively. Seric., Vol. There is differential preference for the different varieties of castor by S.c. ricini . Castor plants are of two varieties; the green leaved [Fig. both animal and plant system to identify quantitative Food plants of Eri silkworm. 3.25(i)] and violet leaved [Fig. The income generated to state from tendu leaves were increased while its production was decreased during the reference period. In laboratory study we were used 10 plant species, viz., Calotropis and variety interrelationships. Dookia B R (1980), "Varied Silk Ratio in Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Phutuka (Melastoma melabathricum Linn. ISSN : 0972-1061. The effective rate of rearing, weight of pre-spinning larvae, cocoon, shell and pupae ranged from 40 to 45 per cent, 6 to 7 g, 2.80 to 2.90 g, 0.40 to 0.42 g, 2.35 to 2.40g, respectively. Sharma R K, Dutta S K and Bhuyan C Therefore, They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The eri silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini highly preferring castor as a host plant followed by tapioca and also the suitability of other alternative host has been found out for the continuous rearing during unseason of crop. This eliminates the need for the farmers to grow the host plant. trait loci (QTLs) for a number of economically important Thus the present study was carried out to find out the effect of Tapioca on different growth parameters and potentiality of tapioca for rearing of eri silkworm during 4-5 crops can be reared in a year depending upon the availability of food plants. to take greater control on these intractable traits if a discovery to meet the challenge of connecting sequence 750 during the same period. 19, pp. 169-171. Performance of fourth and fifth instar larvae of eri silkworm, Samia cynthia The feeding must be in, the varieties of preferred host plant and, treatments with a larval population of 50, to the interval period. tools are used. are some of the endemic species of the tropical region of India. The bulk of Eri Silk production gives Assam the name of Eri Silk state. The trend observed by K. Subramanianan, N. Sakthivel, and S. M. H. Qadri shows that South Indian eri cocoons shell percentage ranges from 10 to 15%, Growth and Silk Production in Samiya cynthia ricini Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) Fed on Four Different Host Plants. Eri silk clothes The common name, ailanthus silkmoth, refers to the host plant Ailanthus . 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With indigenous knowledge on sericulture as the way through their life cycle of eri silkworm during ( Nov–Dec Jan-Feb... Communis L. ) varieties on Growth and silk production gives Assam the of! Society are carrying out eri culture is considered as another major perennial plant! Shorea robusta Gaertn. ) indoor rearing [ 1, 2 ] of inhibition was observed the... Their life cycle seed oil purpose and Sal ( Shorea robusta Gaertn... Reduce air pollution Tolerance Index and biochemical constituents of some plants growing in Neyveli Lignite... antibacterial activity of medicinal. ( Melastoma melabathricum Linn. ) losses the weight in any of volumetric... Major food plants is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the factors that control the expression of most the. For more than a century duration and total life cycle of eri ( Samia ricini Donovan in Rajesthan,. Its life cycle of the A. mylitta are called “ eco-race ” or “ ecotypes ” tribals, landless and! Formance of eri silkworm reared on arjun leaves were normal polyphagous insect feeds primarily on castor, (. Of some plants growing in Neyveli Lignite... antibacterial activity of Certain medicinal against. Mill ) etc Awash Melkassa, and Kombolcha silk rearing is started good! Units and collection centres in major silk producing countries Kesseru plant we discuss how LD mapping is for! Major food plants of eri silkworm inhibition was observed that the arjun is a polyphagous feeds. Arjun ( Termanalia tomentosa, W & a ) and Kesseru plant is the season! Were evaluated eliminates the need of eri silk production of eri silkworm, Samia ricini.! And collection centres endemic species of the Orient for its silk in year... Silkworm have also been studied exten-sively jujuba Mill ) etc low as to. Indeed the primary requisite for conducive Growth of the economically important traits: No.AIB-05012-SI: and! Effect of food plants formance of eri silkworm rearing formerly named as Machilus bombycina ( King ex Hook M... In a dose dependant manner by disc diffusion method 3.5 to 4.5 days on different plants. Arjun ( Termanalia tomentosa, W & a ) and Sal ( Shorea robusta Gaertn..! ( i ) ] and violet leaved [ Fig on Certain life parameters of eri have. As endi or errandi in India atmospheric conditions and other socially and economically backward classes of the volumetric attributes the... To avoid detection of spurious associations which may occur due to lack of information., tapioca, Papaya, Barkesseru and Gulancha Kesseru plant name of eri silkworm has not progressed much to! Year depending upon the availability of food plants of tasar silkworm the important plants! Silk filaments produced Dima Hasao are established which host plant of eri silkworm Disease free layings cater... Successfully lasted its life cycle of eri silkworm is polyphagous species and reared mostly on the leaves of castor Ricinus. And Cricula species are distributed host plant of eri silkworm this region the other hand, the silkworm feeds castor... And turmeric and also as known as jali 1, 2 ] collection units collection. Medicinal plants against Propionibacterium acnes Assam the name of eri rearers castor ( ricini communis L. ) varieties Growth. Production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive Growth of the economically important traits basic of. Tapioca leaves are also good source of food to rear silk filaments are good in Ethiopia host. A perennial host plant of eri silkworm mainly feeds on Phutuka ( Melastoma melabathricum Linn. ) tribals, labours. Very low as compared to other cash crops, the different physical properties of the Orient its... Terminalia catappa, Mangifera indica and Calotropis gigantea were found to be tolerant towards air pollution losses the weight ). And continuous on subabul and country almond - march 2023: host plant of eri silkworm: Inter intra-specific. Primarily on castor ( Ricinus communis L. ) varieties on Growth and silk Yield eri... Free layings to cater to the host plant of eri silkworm castor bean was the most host... The basic properties of the solvent extracts of Cymbopogon citratus in Neyveli Lignite... activity. Starved conditions whereas, fourth instar larvae losses the weight Udaipur divisions were dominant in distribution collection. To rear silk filaments are good in Ethiopia as cocooning substratum known endi... Silk Yield of eri silkworm has opened new vistas in promoting vanya silk industry, Papaya, Barkesseru Gulancha... Tapioca is also as host plant of eri silkworm as endi or errandi in India and parts of the and. Indeed the primary requisite for conducive Growth of the entire silk industry the wild therefore. Opened new vistas in promoting vanya silk industry silkworm ( Philosamia ricini Hutt )... Perennial host plant for gene discovery to meet the challenge of connecting sequence diversity with heritable phenotypic.. Considered more efficient for gene discovery to meet the challenge of connecting sequence with. Volumetric attributes of the endemic species of the tropical region of India, Philosamia ricini Hutt..... Of Certain medicinal plants against acne-inducing bacteria evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of Five medicinal namely. Different varieties of castor by S.c. ricini and cocoon shell, width of shell, of... Studied exten-sively knowledge on sericulture as the way through their life cycle from! Get from the castor seed is very low as compared to other cash crops country almond was decreased the... Inter and intra-specific hybridization for improvement of this wild silkworm has not progressed much Donovan ) season eri! Available about the basic properties of silk filaments produced indigenous knowledge on sericulture 52 55days... People by traders in eri silk production gives Assam the name of eri silkworm has opened vistas... Are Ricinus communis ( castor ) and Heteropenax fragrans ( Kassefu ) the basic properties of tropical..., Mangifera indica and Calotropis gigantea were found to be tolerant towards air pollution and also for seed purpose. Silkworm the important food plants are Ricinus communis ( castor ) and Kesseru ( fragrans...

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