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Phosphine gas found in Venus’ atmosphere may be ‘a possible sign of life’ Astronomers detected signs of a smelly, toxic gas that microbes can make … When an animal eats the bait, the acid in the animal's stomach turns the zinc phosphide into phosphine. The vision is beautiful: a … Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. A chemical we haven’t heard of before is in the news thanks Scientists announce the discovery of phosphine, which they say may be a sign of life in the clouds of Venus, Which is a confusing g… On Earth, phosphine is a gas that is produced predominantly by anaerobic biological sources. Commercial grade phosphine derived from aluminum or magnesium phosphide can contain to a variable degree higher molecular weight phosphines including diphosphines. Phosphine (or PH₃) is a pyramid-shaped molecule with a single phosphorus atom on top, and a base formed of three hydrogen atoms. This finding suggests that Venus could host unknown photochemical or geochemical processes. 4P + 3NaOH + 3H2O → 3NaH2PO2 + PH3 This method … Such molecules would not be present in detectable amounts in a hydrogen-rich atmosphere in chemical equilibrium. The detection of phosphine gas in the clouds of Venus—a possible sign of life—might be due to a fluke in data processing, new analyses suggest. It is heavier than air and tends to travel along the ground to an ignition source. Pure phosphine is odourless, but technical grade samples have a highly unpleasant odour like rotting fish, due to the presence of substituted phosphine and diphosphane (P2H4). Pure phosphine is an odorless and colorless gas with a molecular weight of 34.00 and density of 1.17 at 25°C. Fosfine (volgens de IUPAC-regels: fosfaan), ook bekend als fosforwaterstof of waterstoffosfide, is een fosforverbinding met als brutoformule PH 3.Het is een kleurloos, ontvlambaar en zeer giftig gas dat slechts in minieme hoeveelheden oplosbaar is in water. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Phosphine gas is a molecule made up of one phosphorus atom and three hydrogen atoms. Phosphine (PH3), also called hydrogen phosphide, a colourless, flammable, extremely toxic gas with a disagreeable garliclike odour. Phosphine (PH3) is essential to the biochemical cycle, even though it possesses critical chemical properties with an unstable compound concentration in the atmosphere. Phosgene is the organic chemical compound with the formula COCl 2.It is a colorless gas; in low concentrations, its odor resembles that of freshly cut hay or grass. It is the simplest gas that has phosphorus on it; the phosphorus equivalent of ammonia (for nitrogen), methane (for carbon) and water (for oxygen). Pure phosphine is an odorless and colorless gas with a molecular weight of 34.00 and density of 1.17 at 25°C. The international team of scientists reported traces of phosphine in concentration of approximately 20 parts per billion, thousands to millions of times more than what could otherwise be expected. Evidently, there are sources of energy other than the molecular kinetic energy corresponding to local temperatures. Phosphine is heavier than air and may cause asphyxiation … Furthermore, this compound is a toxic gas. Phosphine (IUPAC name: phosphane) is a colorless, flammable, very toxic gas compound with the chemical formula PH3, classed as a pnictogen hydride. Phosphine (PH3), also called hydrogen phosphide, a colourless, flammable, extremely toxic gas with a disagreeable garliclike odour. Phosphine is a colorless gas that is very toxic at extremely low concentrations. On Earth, phosphine—a toxic gas—is produced by microorganisms. Inhalation is the major route of phosphine toxicity. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Phosphine is expected to react with water and be broken down into other products. When rats swallow poison with zinc phosphide, it mixes with stomach acid and turns to phosphine gas. 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Phosphine (PH₃) is a colorless, flammable, and explosive gas at room temperature that smells like garlic or decaying fish. Higher exposures and long-term exposure may cause serious harm. It is a colorless and flammable gas having a slightly unpleasant odor. Vol. This summer, before the phosphine announcement, she and her co-authors published a speculative, hypothetical sketch of what life on Venus could look like. In addition to its industrial production, small amounts occur from the breakdown and the combustio On Earth, this gas is only made industrially or by microbes that thrive in oxygen-free environments. Life on Venus? Phosphine (PH3) is essential to the biochemical cycle, even though it possesses critical chemical properties with an unstable compound concentration in the atmosphere. It is also used as a fumigant, a polymerization initiator and as an intermediate for the preparation of several flame retardants. Astronomers have speculated for decades that high clouds on Venus could Phosphine. The unpleasant odor arises due to the presence of substituted phosphine and diphosphane. Phosphine is a super- toxic gas with a probable oral lethal dose of 5 mg/kg or 7 drops for a 150 pound person. They found that phosphine on Venus is a minor gas, existing at a concentration of about 20 out of every billion molecules in the atmosphere. Although that concentration is low, the researchers point out that phosphine produced by life on Earth can be found at even lower concentrations in … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/phosphine, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Phosphine. The most common elements in the Universe are hydrogen and helium: produced overwhelmingly in … They may be products of reactions at high pressure and temperature in Saturn’s deep atmosphere, well below the observable clouds, that have been transported…, as carbon monoxide or phosphine in the abundances measured. Phosphine is used as an insecticide for the fumigation of grains, animal feed, and leaf-stored tobacco, and as a rodenticide. Phosphine is formed by the action of a strong base or hot water on white phosphorus or by the reaction of water with calcium phosphide (Ca 3 P 2 ). The Indian Express is now on Telegram. * The moderation of comments is automated and not cleared manually by, Copyright © 2020 The Indian Express [P] Ltd. All Rights Reserved, Quixplained: What discovery of phosphine gas in the atmosphere of Venus means. Phosphine, a colourless but smelly gas, is known to be made only by some species of bacteria that survive in the absence of oxygen. Their findings were published in Nature Astronomy. “Phosphine is a colorless, flammable, and explosive gas at ambient temperature that has the odor of garlic or decaying fish,” the National Library … It is used in rodenticide baits. The recent (Sept. 2020) report of “Phosphine gas in the cloud decks of Venus” states that phosphine (PH 3) is only known to occur on Earth due to anaerobic life.Quoting from a report in the New York Times:. This summer, before the phosphine announcement, she and her co-authors published a speculative, hypothetical sketch of what life on Venus could look like. Phosphine is a colorless gas that is very toxic at extremely low concentrations. Zinc phosphide is a chemical compound of zinc and phosphorous. Phosgene is a valued industrial building block, especially for the production of urethanes and polycarbonate plastics. Zinc phosphide is an inorganic compound that combines phosphorus with zinc. PH 3 acts as a Lewis base by donating its lone pair of electrons when it reacts with hydrogen iodide. PH 3 is sparingly soluble in water and soluble in organic solvents. Phosphine (PH 3) is found here on Earth, as well as on the Solar System’s gas giants. The New Gresham Encyclopedia. An international team of astronomers recently announced the discovery of a rare molecule — phosphine — in the clouds of Venus. Phosphine, at first glance, is a rather unremarkable molecule to find. However, it can dissolve in natural solvents. Physical and chemical properties of phosphine: It is a colourless gas having a rotten fish smell. Its toxicity and oxidation state in terms of other phosphorus related substances is shown below. Phosphine gas is a deadly gas created by a mixture of red phosphorous and moisture in the presence of heat. Phosphine definition is - any of various derivatives of phosphine analogous to amines but weaker as bases. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. Exposure to phosphine may cause, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, thirst, muscle pain, difficulty breathing, and fluid in the lungs. It is used as an insecticide for the fumigation of grains, animal feed, and leaf-stored tobacco. “Phosphine is a colorless, flammable, and explosive gas at ambient temperature that has the odor of garlic or decaying fish,” the National Library of Medicine says.