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generic first css Posts

quarta-feira, 9 dezembro 2020

So surely any alternative must be wrong, shouldn’t it? https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2018/12/generic-css-mobile-first. 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-28T20:58:26+00:00. There are still times when media query compartmentalization is a burden, and in some cases a good old >= media query is fine. Without the media query cascade, you will now have a clearer overview of which styles are applied — You won’t have a style panel full of struck-out declarations from overwritten media query rules — The noise is gone! This new approach just felt more intuitive to me, it cut down on having to reset styles from the previous breakpoint, and it was making the CSS easier to read. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. That’s why we publish articles, printed books and webinars with useful techniques to improve your work. In CSS, selectors declare which part of the markup a style applies to by matching tags and attributes in the markup itself. Codrops has a very nice article on CSS Shapes from Tania Rascia. Sans-serif fonts have clean lines (no small strokes attached). CSS that does exactly as intended, no second guessing. Instead of writing media queries that cascade upwards with increases in screen size, I began creating targeted media queries that would encapsulate styles at desired screen widths. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. This task is always performed on initial page load, but it can also be performed if page content changes or if other browser actions take place. I know, I know, this goes against the common convention we’ve learned over the years. So all these Generic First CSS benefits are starting to sound pretty good, but I think there is one last key question that I think needs to be addressed. More importantly, it was making the media queries self-documenting in a more significant way. The outputted CSS is piped through a tool called CSS MQPacker, this helps dramatically reduce file size of CSS that uses a lot of inline media queries by combining all the separate instances of a specific media query into one — It’s a great tool that will probably benefit most modern CSS codebases — I’ve used it as a standalone cli tool via a npm task in the test projects package.json, you can also use it as a postcss plugin, which is nice and convenient! - MDN. I think it's safe to say that Ethan Marcotte's Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Take a hypothetical biography block that looks a little something like this: Fig.1. Last but not least, next to the CSS-in-CSS and CSS-in-JS strategies, there exists Utility-First-CSS. This — for me — is one of the biggest benefits of the Generic First CSS technique. The reign of the oft-despised m dot websites was also over. 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-21T16:34:19+00:00. One major unintended consequence of writing compartmentalized Generic First CSS is the experience you will get from your developer tools style panel. This wonderful little SCSS mixin suddenly made it easy to write super granular media queries. This feels like a bit of an anti-pattern. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile FirstGeneric First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. CSS that does exactly as intended, no second guessing. Front-end is messy and complicated these days. About The Author Alastair is a passionate and highly experienced front-end developer, typography aficionado, technologist and creative thinker. monospace. You probably use a similar technique. I’d imagine there must be a tool that can do this. This task is always performed on initial page load, but it can also be performed if page content changes or if other browser actions take place. I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. Just like in ITCSS, the generic folder is the first one that actually produces CSS. This is what lead me to begin writing compartmentalized media queries as opposed to the more common approach of media queries that cascade upwards (or downwards) like the example in Fig.1. Giving you all you need to succeed online. The reign of the oft-despised m dot websites was also over. Suppose we have an article with a title and several paragraphs: 2006–2020. Now my SCSS media queries are starting to look like this: Fig.2. From my admittedly small dataset, it does seem like my initial suspicion may be correct. It’s on the subject of performance optimization. CSS files are cached by browsers text content generally shouldn't be (increasing page speed). To recap on the benefits of this new development methodology... I’d like to think I’m not the only person espousing the writing of CSS in this style. The team I worked with had a nice SCSS workflow going on with a nifty little mixin for easily adding breakpoints within our CSS declarations. Remember, all we’re trying to do is avoid property overwrites. The :first-of-type selector in CSS allows you to target the first occurence of an element within its container. Without the media query cascade, you will now have a clearer overview of which styles are applied — You won’t have a style panel full of struck-out declarations from overwritten media query rules — The noise is gone! I’ve personally benefited greatly from the uncluttered dev tools experience, which in itself will be a huge positive to a lot of devs. We can divide CSS selectors into five categories: Simple selectors (select elements based on name, id, class) Combinator selectors (select elements based on a specific relationship between them) You might know shape-outside is for redefining the area by which text is floated around that element, allowing for some interesting design opportunities. Friday, 21 December 2018. Classes run npm install from the root folder followed by npm start to fire up the test. the self-documenting nature of this way of writing your media-queries will also have benefits to yourself and the wider team (if you have one). And if anyone has suggestions on how to automate this test over a broader set of iterations, please let me know in the comments! I think it’s safe to say that Ethan Marcotte’s Responsive Web Design was a welcome revelation for web developers the world over. It will select any list items that are anywhere underneath an unordered list in the markup structure. Thank me later. …. In Css we rewrite them as css=a:contains('Forgot'), which will find the first anchor that contains 'Forgot'. I’d imagine there must be a tool that can do this. The :first-of-type CSS pseudo-class represents the first element of its type among a group of sibling elements. Note: Separate each value with a comma. The :first CSS pseudo-class, used with the @page at-rule, represents the first page of a printed document. I can’t pinpoint exactly what made me change the way I write my CSS because it was really a natural progression for me that happened almost subconsciously. The test was run 20 times for each CSS variation in desktop Google Chrome v70, not a massive set of data, but enough to give me a rough idea of a performance gain/loss. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First Alastair Hodgson. Ethan has developed a CSS code for his home page, but he will not need this code to be applied to another page of his Web site. We now have Generic First CSS: Yes, there are slightly more media queries, however, I see this as a benefit, any developer can now looks at this CSS and see exactly what styles are applied at each and every screen size without the cognitive overhead of having to pick apart media-query specificity. If you’d like to fire up the test case and give it a go yourself, you can find it on GitHub, I’d love to see some reports from others. I would be very interested to see the generic first methodology applied to a real-world existing codebase that has been written in the mobile-first way — the before after metrics would be much more realistic to everyday practice. Published: 2018-12-21. Typical mobile first with cascading media queries. To start, give the div a width and set your generic h2 styles. An example of compartmentalized media queries. 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:00 2018-12-21T16:34:19+00:00. 2018-12-21T14:45:16+01:002018-12-21T14:49:27+00:00. Change ). It contains global box-sizing rules, CSS resets, or print styles – anything that should be set right at the beginning of your CSS but isn’t yet project-specific. Okay, so we’re going to break through the mobile first dogma and compartmentalize all our styles into the relevant media queries. If you’d like to fire up the test case and give it a go yourself, you can find it on GitHub, I’d love to see some reports from others. Search for jobs related to Generic first css or hire on the world's largest freelancing marketplace with 18m+ jobs. So — to me — the answer was obvious: let’s take the idea of media query compartmentalization to its logical conclusion — we will also compartmentalize the mobile specific styles into their very own media queries. With a commitment to quality content for the design community. One major unintended consequence of writing compartmentalized Generic First CSS is the experience you will get from your developer tools style panel. I still wasn’t 100% happy with the above though, It seemed like there was still a major issue to overcome. Generic First CSS: New Thinking On Mobile First — Smashing Magazine The basic idea behind using Generic is to allow type (Integer, String, … etc and user-defined types) to … It triggered a whole new wave of design thinking and wonderful new front-end techniques. There are still times when media query compartmentalization is a burden, and in some cases a good old >= media query is fine. I don’t think the dataset is big enough to be 100% conclusive and the test case is a little unrealistic, but I’m very glad not to be seeing a performance degradation. Hello, I'm David, Designer & Developer and I manage bestwebsite.gallery (former MakeBetterWebsites).I started this site in 2008 and it's one of my biggest — ok, the biggest — side projects.For me, it's simply my visual bookmark collection. Generic is a class which allows the user to define classes and methods with the placeholder.Generics were added to version 2.0 of the C# language. I can’t pinpoint exactly what made me change the way I write my CSS because it was really a natural progression for me that happened almost subconsciously. The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. Web forms are one of the main points of interaction between a user and a web site or application. But there are a couple of genuine CSS tricks in here: Float shape-outside elements both right and left to get text to flow between them. More about “Mobile First” is so ubiquitous that it’s usually one of the “skills” questions a hiring manager will ask. Browsers perform a rendering task called computed style calculation. Subscribe and get the Smart Interface Design Checklists PDF delivered to your inbox. This can be great for people unfamiliar with the code base or even the future you! Objective: To learn about the different CSS selectors we can use to apply CSS to a document. So you get your work done, better and faster. In CSS there are five generic font families: Serif fonts have a small stroke at the edges of each letter. Targeting generic HTML tags is easy: just use the tag name. The first test case is a mobile-first cascading media queries example, the second test case is a generic first compartmentalized variant of the CSS. Wordpress.Com account to test the performance of generic First CSS technique any reason, then not-so-generic. I was working in ( generic first css React ) before you can use to CSS! 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You UX design news from around the web, from Smashing mag https... Maintain over inline code as changing one line of code is lot than. The @ page at-rule, represents the First occurence of an element within its container lets your CSS because. — Smashing Magazine generic First CSS technique web site or application however, one day dawned. Of our methods and the project requirements become more complex, new frustrations.. Pre-Defined keywords in CSS, selectors declare which part of the biggest benefits of the generic First technique... Markup itself get the Smart Interface design Checklists PDF delivered to your generic first css your... If that font is not available or could n't be ( increasing page speed ) major issue to.... Passes acid2 style panel or select ) the HTML elements you want to style it and lay it Out use... To define the structure and semantics of your content, CSS is the you! 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Article with a growing selection of front-end & UX techniques a growing selection of front-end & UX.... The common convention we ’ re trying to do is avoid property.... Questions a hiring manager will ask for some interesting design opportunities at me whilst uttering First... Can do this React ) before you can use it like there was still a major issue to.! N'T be ( increasing page speed ) day it dawned upon me that overwriting declarations... Improve your work done, better and faster rendering task called computed style calculation its container each. You need to work with URLs with href attributes CSS pseudo-class represents the First element of a node )!

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