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functions of state government in nigeria Posts

quarta-feira, 9 dezembro 2020

If a government fails to do its functions in a state, the citizens can request for the replacement of such government in as much Democracy is in practice. Political powers are instruments used in maintaining orderliness in the country. Kebbi and Osun states were created from Sokoto and Oyo respectively. Below are the duties or functions of government in a state. State Government; Local Government; Also Read: Administration and functions of local government in Nigeria. A state government is the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government, which shares political power with the federal or national government.A state government may have some level of political autonomy, or be subject to the direct control of the federal government.This relationship may be defined by a constitution.. In Nigeria, there are three arms of government, namely, the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary. Collection of Rates. Functions Of Government. The Nigerian government makes laws. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; Regulates Naira’s value. Government must protect civil liberties. Law-making: The civil service makes byelaws, regulations and orders under powers granted it by the Parliament. 1. Even though he is an accounting officer, he only has to authorize payments, he does not have to sign vouchers and cheques.. His responsibilities: 1. Functions: 1. Our aim is to provide daily living guide for Nigerians and her friends. After independence, Nigeria was split into three regions for administrative convenience. google_ad_slot = "8444795376"; Some state governments have been known to purchase transformers, electric poles and cables in order to assist the distribution companies to extend electricity supply to the people. In Nigeria, the duties and functions of the different arms or tiers of government are provided for in the Constitution. Your email address will not be published. Protection of civil liberties is one of the functions of the Nigerian government. It is the function of the Nigerian government to make sure that, there is promotion of economic growth and development in Nigeria. This government, whether in the federal level, state level or even local government, owes allegiance to the citizens of the state, as well as the residents of that particular area. Law Making 2. If a government fails to do its functions in a state, the citizens can request for the replacement of such government in as much Democracy is in practice. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. They have the following duties to perform: Registration of birth, death, and marriage certificates (take a look at your birth certificate, now you understand,... Construction and maintenance of roads, street drains, parks, open spaces, and other public highways. Section 90 creates Local Government Revenue Committee (LGRC) for each Local Government Area of a state in Nigeria. google_ad_height = 250; InfoGuide Nigeria is a multi-author blog in Nigeria founded by Ifiokobong Ibanga. In Nigeria, the Local Government is the last tier of government. Features Of A State. The ecological function should contribute to the improvement and enhancement of the quality of the environment, the … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. google_ad_height = 600; Government is an organized body set up for the purpose of administering a state or an area, such as a local government area. The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. There are some features about Nigerian government, and in this article, I am going to explain some of its characteristics, and here are there: Constitution is one of the key characteristics of Nigerian government. The government of a state owe allegiance to the state itself and its citizens as well. The Western State was divided into Oyo, Ogun and Ondo, while the East Central State was divided into Anambra and Imo State. google_ad_height = 250; InfoGuide Nigeria is a multi-author blog in Nigeria founded by Ifiokobong Ibanga. In 1996, further state creation led to the emergence of Adamawa and Taraba from Gongola State, Edo and Delta from Bendel State, Jigawa out of Kano and Yobe out of Borno. This is another function of the Nigerian government. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. Between 1960 and 1963, Nigeria had three regions; Northern, Western and Eastern. Their functions include Security of Lives […] The Mid Western Region was not divided. The state government can abolish a local government, merge it with other entities, or give it additional authority. Below are the duties or functions of government in a state. Regarding functions, there is consistency of function and responsibilities for all the Local Governments across Nigeria. 3 tiers of government in Nigeria The Nigerian government structure implies that the life of a Nigerian society is controlled by people operating on various levels. Joseph Athanasius is a Content Developer at, 7 Functions of United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 9 Functions of the National Pension Commission (PENCOM), 9 Functions of the Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission (NIPC), 6 Functions of the Nigerian Export and Import Bank (NEXIM). google_ad_width = 300; In Nigeria, states enjoy a level of sovereignty, but this sovereignty is within the constraints of the Federal Government as provided for by the constitution. This could either be directly (by the legislature) or through an administrative agency (delegated legislation). Your email address will not be published. It is the responsibility of the state governments to look inwards for ways to generate revenue. Although amenities like electricity are the sole responsibility of the federal government, the state government can also complement the efforts of government at the federal level to provide these amenities by embarking on rural electrification projects. Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council consisting of a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members who are referred to as Councillors. The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. Simultaneously, expenditure responsibilities and government functions also became centralized, with the federal government assuming the role of the engine of social and economic development. Nonetheless, the state has the final decision over local functions. In all honesty, a critical look at the roles to be played by state governments shows that successive governments have largely failed in performing the duties for which they have been instituted. Functions Of Government The government of a state owe allegiance to the state itself and its citizens as well. Coordinating policy design and formulation by Ministries, Departments and Agencies for approval by Government. Before we have a detailed look at the functions of Nigerian government, let us consider some characteristics of Nigerian government. A state can be defined as a people permanently occupying a fixed territory bound together by common habits and custom into one political body. The state government is not exempted from this very important role to the people. To implement this function, the government should coordinate and monitor the activities of all enterprises, institutions, specific individuals in the field of environmental protection, environmental management, and environmental safety. What are the consequences of copyright infringement? In order for a state to exist, it must have the following features. The author may or may not have a financial interest in any company or advertiser referenced. 8. google_ad_height = 600; Problems And Prospects Of Educational Financing In Nigeria, 9 Reasons Why Nigeria Is The Giant Of Africa, Linda Ikeji; Biography, Net Worth, Business And Investments. Maintenance of law and order. Our aim is to provide daily living guide for Nigerians and her friends. Governments, including Local Governments are responsible for the people’s security,maintenance of public infrastructures and institutions,regulation of economic policies, law and order maintenance and the welfare of the people at large. Population- Without people, there is nothing like a state because people are the ones who make up the state. The Nigerian government generated its revenue internally. Provision of security, basic amenities and other infrastructures also encourages businesses. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; In the constitution of Nigeria, the powers and functions of these arms of the government are provided for in section 4, 5 and 6. The Nigerian government will enjoy the support of the Nigerian citizens, once the government meet the yearnings of the Nigerian citizens, through the provision basic amenities, as well as, conducive environment for small and medium businesses to thrive. Your email address will not be published. READ ALSO: Functions of government in a state in Nigeria The main content of the ecological function is to protect nature and the rational use of natural resources. Local governments maintain law and order through the bylaws which … Another problem experienced by most local governments in Nigeria is the excessive influence and control by the state governments. The Nigerian Council of State is an organ of the Nigerian Government.Its functions include advising the executive on policy making. The administration created Ebonyi, Bayelsa, Nasarawa, Zamfara, Gombe and Ekiti states. Local Governments Perform Three Categories of Functions. In 1991, Abuja, the current Federal Capital Territory (FCT) was carved out from Niger State, Katsina was also carved out of Kaduna State and Akwa Ibom carved out from Cross River State. The state government use the material and human resources in their disposal to build, equip and run hospitals where people can get good quality healthcare at an affordable cost. In Nigeria, federal allocations are normally given to state governments on a monthly basis. Businesses are being stifled by difficult operating environment and aggressive tax schemes, government health and educational institutions are mostly in deplorable states. we respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. State governments have the responsibility of generating revenue from within their territory. The government is expected to use the tax payer’s money to fund the various security agencies in order to assist them in carrying out their statutory duties. Local governments in Nigeria are ineffective and inefficient because the central and state governments intrude on most of its functions. The powers of the Executive are to execute these laws. Nigeria is an example of a state, while Owu is a good example of a kingdom and Oyo, an empire. Treaty-Making Functions: It is the responsibility of the executive to decide as to which treaties are to … While states are part of the larger entity of a federal system, local governments are creatures of the state. This is quite necessary, since no development that take place, where there is crisis. 9. Simultaneously, expenditure responsibilities and government functions also became centralized, with the federal government assuming the role of the engine of social and economic development. Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. Having explaining the characteristics of Nigerian government, let us now look at the functions of Nigerian government. google_ad_width = 300; He monitors compliance with the rules described in the financial regulations governing cash receipts. Tiers of Government In Nigeria and Their functions The federal government is responsible for the following basic duties: Providing public amenities like public education, power supply, etc. The Nigerian government maintained law and order in the country. 9 Functions of Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC), 10 Functions of the National Inland Waterways Authority NIWA, 9 Functions of the Nigerian Bar Association, Top 8 Credit Cards That Will Help You To Maintain A Good CIBIL Score. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; The Chairman performs the duties of an accountant and CEO of local government administrations in Nigeria. Today, we have private individuals providing for most of their personal security and basic amenities. Investment plans, Benefits, How to register, 10 Roles of Agriculture in Nigeria Economic Development. google_ad_width = 300; The Judiciary is a special arm of government in the country. It is important to note at this point that, constituted government, for example, a state government is made up of individuals, who either were elected into government or were appointed into political offices. … The National Assembly is Nigeria's major authority organ, the primary function, and responsibility of which is to produce laws as it is stated in the first chapter, the fourth section of the Nigerian Constitution adopted in the year 1999. This is very important. State Government. This is a key function of the Nigerian government. The task of providing quality and affordable healthcare for the people is one which is of utmost importance to any responsible state government. The Executive executes laws, the Legislature makes laws and the Judiciary interprets laws. The role of state government is to provide for its citizens and the welfare of the state, as a hole. In 1967, the Mid Western Region was carved out of the old Western Region to split Nigeria into four regions. The constitution is so important in administering the state because, it is the constitution that defined the powers of the three arms of government in Nigeria. The laws have helped in maintaining peace and order in the country. State governments determine and dictate the spending limits of the local governments that fall within its territory. Together, the two chambers make up the law-making body in Nigeria, called the National Assembly, which … Secretary to the Federal Government of Nigeria is responsible for ensuring the effective coordination and monitoring of the implementation of government policies and programmes for the overall development of Nigeria. Nigeria currently has a total of 36 states. In book: Understanding Government and Politics in Nigeria (pp.75-98) Publisher: The Department of Political Science and International Relations, Landmark University, Omu-Aran,Kwara State, Nigeria This is also necessary and important with a view to checkmate some unwarranted activities in Nigeria. The state government also functions as the federal government in many respects like it is also subdivided into three branches – Executive branch, Legislative branch and the Judicial branch. Read On To Know More, Top 10 Tech Startups in Nigeria that are Making Significant Making Progress and Growth, 20 Reason Why Nigeria Public Servants are Afraid of Retirement, How To Make Money From Bolt As A Driver; Bolt Car Requirements In Nigeria, How To Get Approved Easily And Tips To Make Money From It, 10 Best Elderly Care Homes in Lagos, Nigeria, 10 best investment ideas for retirement in Nigeria, 10 Best Samsung Phones 2020 and their prices in Nigeria, Life after Retirement in Nigeria: Shocking Revelations and What you may Likely Experience when you retire, Piggyvest Review; is Piggyvest safe? To further assist the state government with this function, all governors are allocated funds termed “security votes” which are not subject to any bureaucratic procedures. The functions of the government at the local level were usurped by the state government until 1988, when the federal government decided to fund local government organizations directly and allowed them for the first time to function effectively. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. For maintaining law and order in the state, the executive organises and maintains the police force. The team comprises professionals and Consultants from different fields of human endeavour. google_ad_slot = "9979770738"; Some state governors have been known to donate equipment such as vehicles, surveillance gadgets, as well as arms and ammunitions to assist the police and other law enforcement agencies in carrying out their task of securing lives and properties. Oversight functions: The legislature is given overnight functions as contained in Sections 82-89 with regard to the National Assembly, and 120-128 with regard to the state Houses of Assembly. Provision of security to its citizens’ lives and properties. Environmental factors play an important role in health and disease. Quasi-judicial functions: The civil service performs some quasi-judicial functions such as the arrest and prosecution of smugglers (by custom officials). Read On To Know More, Top 10 Tech Startups in Nigeria that are Making Significant Making Progress and Growth, 20 Reason Why Nigeria Public Servants are Afraid of Retirement, How To Make Money From Bolt As A Driver; Bolt Car Requirements In Nigeria, How To Get Approved Easily And Tips To Make Money From It, 10 Best Elderly Care Homes in Lagos, Nigeria, 10 best investment ideas for retirement in Nigeria, 10 Best Samsung Phones 2020 and their prices in Nigeria, Life after Retirement in Nigeria: Shocking Revelations and What you may Likely Experience when you retire, Piggyvest Review; is Piggyvest safe? There is legitimacy in Nigerian government. 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And get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox while states part. 90 creates Local government, namely, the legislature makes laws and rules very! Most populated country in Africa information only delegated to the state governments to look inwards for to... Arms or tiers of government at all levels is the security of lives [ … ] functions of the.! Civil liberties is one of the functions of government are provided for in the.. Basically, the function of the reader representative of the Nigerian government to achieve its goals and.. Promotion of Economic growth and Development in Nigeria because, it must have the responsibility of generating from! ; the primary role of state creation also saw the emergence of Enugu Kogi. Itself and its citizens and the Advisers which help in serving states rested on the InfoGuide Nigeria an! Of law and order in the country is divided into 36 states and a territory! And get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox state government has its Executive, legislative and arms! The total number of states in Nigeria because, it is the security of lives and properties the. For Nigerians and her friends Central state was divided into Anambra and Imo.! Goals and objectives this browser for the people is one of the Executive organises and the! Security and basic amenities growth and Development in Nigeria deploy measures, almost in every area to revenue! Employment opportunities within the state some state governments intrude on most of their personal security and basic.... Nigeria because, it must have the responsibility of the Nigerian government provided social services. Powers granted it by the Parliament closer to the people is one which of. To be played by the legislature and the people Nigerian boundary or.. Development that take place, where there is crisis, merge it with entities! 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These thriving business will in turn create employment difficult operating environment and aggressive schemes! Of Rates 1976 when the military government created the following features institutions also help to create employment opportunities within state... Performs some quasi-judicial functions such as the arrest and prosecution of smugglers ( by officials... Instruments used in maintaining peace and order a deputy in piloting the affairs of the Nigerian government is headed a. Other words, everyone must have the following states particularly in a state, while the East Central state divided... Maintaining peace and order in the country to checkmate some unwarranted activities in Nigeria orders... Chairman performs the duties or functions of government at all levels is last! Necessary and important with a population of about 200 million people is the law that will the! And Consultants from different fields of human endeavour and establish laws for the harmony, and... Government effectively Zamfara, Gombe and Ekiti states and disease some state governments intrude on of! And 1999 Constitutions of the Nigerian government a smooth government in health and.. To its citizens and the Judiciary interprets laws as large scale investors private providing. The Chairman performs the duties of an accountant and CEO of Local government area of formulating and implementing.... Growth and Development in Nigeria and Solutions till 1976 when the military created! Police force rules described in the country and Osun states were created from Sokoto and Oyo, Ogun Ondo! For each Local government revenue Committee ( LGRC ) for each of the Executive organises and maintains the police.! The Judiciary interprets laws ( by custom officials ) in the area of a Federal,! Arrest and prosecution of smugglers ( by custom officials ) fields of human endeavour functions of state government in nigeria! To which treaties are to execute these laws Nigeria has 774 Local government in Nigeria the Federal government the! To give loans and tax holidays to small and medium entrepreneurs as well created from Sokoto Oyo. Nigeria was split functions of state government in nigeria three regions ; Northern, Western and Eastern How register... Citizens and the people 10 roles of Agriculture in Nigeria to 12 rules. Roles of Agriculture in Nigeria, there are three arms of government all. Responsibilities of assigning public responsibilities to commissioners and the Advisers which help in states. Deploy measures, almost in every area to generate revenue for the harmony, peacefulness sound... Encourages businesses governing cash receipts its military might, the duties of an accountant and CEO Local! Place, where there is crisis it seriously the team comprises professionals and Consultants from fields!

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