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how many languages are spoken in ethiopia Posts

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A number of Ethiopian languages are endangered: they may not be spoken in one or two generations and may become extinct, victims of language death, as Weyto, Gafat, and Mesmes have and Ongota very soon will. How Many Languages in India?. Ethiopia. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan. Ethiopia is a mosaic of about 100 languages that can be classified into four groups. Additionally, Nilo-Saharan languages are spoken by what the government calls the "Nilotic" people, though scholars distinguish Nilotic from the Surmic languages, Determining the number of languages spoken in Africa can be complex, mostly because it can be difficult to determine whether two languages are distinct or simply dialects of the same language. Many of these languages are of either the Afroasiatic language family, the Nilo-Saharan language family, or the Niger-Congo language family. In February 2020, the Ethiopian government announced four new languages would become federal level working languages of Ethiopia; Afar, Oromo, Somali and Tigrinya. There is still no agreement among scholars on this point, but Tosco has at least weakened Ferguson's original claim. It is a native language for over 27 million people in Ethiopia. Linguistic Analysis of the 1994 Ethiopian Census. 1.1. about Languages spoken within Ethiopia - See link . Hayward, Richard J. Most Widely Spoken Languages ___ Official and Spoken Languages of African Countries. Ethiopian speak almost 88 languages. 2004. Of the languages spoken in Ethiopia, 86 are living and 2 are extinct. It is also easier to learn the Amharic language more than Oromo due to its musical nature. Agau languages are spoken by a few thousand people in scattered enclaves in northern and central Ethiopia. The most commonly spoken languages in Ethiopia Amharic is the official language of Ethiopia Amharic, Oromigna, Tigrina, Somali, Guaragigna are other languages spoken on a regular basis in Ethiopia What are the most spoken . There are ninety languages that are spoken in Ethiopia (according to the 1994 Ethiopian census conducted by Ethnologue). These languages are drawn from three separate families. Expanded PDF Digest, 80 pp. Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia 2019; The After the fall of the Derg in 1991, the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia granted all ethnic groups the right to develop their languages and to establish first language primary education systems. Amharic is spoken by more than 17 million people, which is about one third of Ethiopia’s population (and anon45152 September 14, 2009 Amharic has been spoken in Ethiopia since the late 12th century in various industries including the legal system, commerce, communications, the military and religion. Oromo is the next most spoken language in Ethiopia, 85% of Oromo speakers live in Ethiopia. that Ethiopian language education policy falls broadly within the parameters of ‘best policy’ in terms of multilingual developing countries.” He notes however that “as is the case in many other countries, implementation is not always aligned with actual policy” (Bogale, 2009, pp. One way of segmenting Ethiopia's population is on the basis of language. Emperor Menelik had established the first modern school in Ethiopia in 1908 with an emphasis on the study of different languages including Geez, Amharic, Arabic, Italian, and French. 1998. Over 520 languages are spoken in Nigeria today. English is the most widely spoken foreign language and is the medium of instruction in secondary schools and universities. See language counts and details for Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today; And more! This sprachbund includes the Afroasiatic languages of Ethiopia, not the Nilo-Saharan languages. All our Expanded PDFs are included with a Standard plan. /dʒ/ = j as injoy 1.6. Tigrinya is the de facto national language of identification; Arabic is the national language. 1. A small number of languages belong to a fourth group, Nilotic, which is part of the Nilo-Saharan language family. Since more than 80% speaks Tigrinya, Tigre, and Arabic, the three tongues have become the national languages. Rodolfo Fattovich, "Akkälä Guzay" in Uhlig, Siegbert, ed. This is about 29.3% of the total population of both urban and rural parts of Ethiopia. View Plan » Language Vitality Profile. Employed as an abugida for several of the country's languages, it first came into usage in the sixth and fifth centuries BC as an abjad to transcribe the Semitic Ge'ez language. These languages are drawn from three separate families. Central Statistical Agency. Additionally, one Amharic word can form many phrases. /ʒ/ = s in vision 1.5. Amharic, along with Arabic, Hebrew and Tigrinya, are the most spoken Semitic languages in the world by way of native French eventually became the medium of instruction until the beginning of the Second Ethio-Italian War in 1935. The residents also speak the minority languages; especially the older generation. 1998b. Zelealem Leyew. Home About Contribute Contact Languages 12th ed., Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics, p. 248. Oromo Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia 2019; The largest family is the Afroasiatic family which consists of both Cushitic and Semitic languages. Today the information lies around, so this phrase would sound like this: Не who knows where to find information, owns the world. only $ 480 /year. There are 86 individual languages indigenous to Ethiopia according to Ethnologue,[3] with the 1994 Ethiopian census indicating that some 77 tongues were spoken locally. According to the 1994 census Amharic is the most commonly spoken language in Ethiopia. /tʃ/ = ch in chap 1.4. In Ethiopia, English is the most widely spoken foreign language. The real number may be lower or higher. A profile of the languages in Ethiopia. 2.6.3. While this remains the case even today, most Africans speak indigenous African languages as a first language and colonial languages are generally spoken as a second or third language. all i know is only in Ethiopia, there are more than 80 tribes and languages spoken. 41 of the living languages are institutional, 14 are developing, 18 are vigorous, 8 are in danger of extinction, and 5 are near extinction.[3]. Language Death: The Case of Qwarenya (Ethiopia). All the existing Khoisan languages are confined to southern Africa, with two exceptions: the click-laden Hadza and Sandawe languages spoken in Tanzania, some 1,500 miles from … Languages of Ethiopia. 2016. 1999. Out of the other 85 languages spoken in Ethiopia: Oromigna (also known as Afan Oromo) 31.6%, Tigrinya 6.1%, Somalinya 6%, Guaraginya 3.5%, Sidaminya 3.5%, and Hadiyinya 1.7% are the most prevalent. The four most spoken languages in Ethiopia are: 1. $299.95. HEYYY, here's a little fun video. Unfortunately, some of the dialects are now either extinct or endangered. 1998a. According to the The Unicode Consortium the overall literacy rate (The ability to read and write) in Ethiopia is 39%. My little cousins and I play a game where we have to translate Amharic words to English words. The languages of Ethiopia refers to the various spoken forms of communication in Ethiopia. Beja, also known as Bedawi, is spoken by more than 1 million people in southeastern Egypt and eastern Sudan and is considered a separate division of Afro-Asiatic by some linguists. Most of these languages belong to the Afroasiatic family (Semitic and Cushitic languages; Omotic languages are also spoken, but their classification as Afroasiatic remains disputed). In Eritrea it is a working language in offices along with Arabic. The Endangered Languages of Ethiopia: What’s at Stake for the Linguist? The Aksumites developed Ge'ez, a unique script derived from the Sabean alphabet, and it is still used by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church today. Africa is a continent with a very high linguistic diversity, there are an estimated 1500 The largest ethnic and linguistic groups are the Oromos, Amharas and Tigrayans. What are the Semitic languages, and which modern-day languages belong to this family? There are 86 individual languages indigenous to Ethiopia according to Ethnologue, with the 1994 Ethiopian census indicating that some 77 tongues were spoken locally. 1976. Pope Shenouda III, the 117th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark, exerted many efforts to revive the language and have it be spoken and pronounced correctly. [13] English is the most widely spoken foreign language which is also taught in many schools. Phonetics and phonology . Ethiopia has 83 different languages with up to 200 different dialects spoken. Languages in Ethiopia enjoy vast diversity; the majorities are Afro-Asiatic (Cushitic, Semitic, Omotic) and Nilo-saharan. Charles A. Ferguson proposed the Ethiopian language area, characterized by shared grammatical and phonological features in 1976. In a survey of 850,000 children in London schools the question about first language spoken at home was asked. The Oromo language is expressed by the largest population followed by the Amharic language. Population and Housing Census 2007 Report, National. Some of the common phrases in both Oromo and Amharic languages that a visitor can easily learn include: in Amharic, one can say “Seh-Lahm” to mean “Hello/Peace”, or say “Awo” to mean “Yes”. He who owns the information, owns the world – said V.Cherchill. Other languages spoken in Ethiopia include Hadiyya, Sidamo and Guragiegna; English and Arabic are common second languages. Most of these languages belong to the Afroasiatic family (Semitic and Cushitic languages; Omotic languages are also spoken, but their classification as Afroasiatic remains disputed). People from all walks of life speak Amharic totalling to an estimated 30.3 million speakers. The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating from the Middle East. More information about languages spoken in Ethiopia (see links): Information links (Principal Languages, Immigrant Languages, Language Counts, etc.) Since the lack of literate tradition, many languages are losing their identity and such languages are in the verge of extinction. Statistically, the principal ethnic groups in Ethiopia are Oromo, which comprises 40 percent; Tigrea and Amhara, comprising of 32 percent; Sidamo comprising of nine percent. "One to five: Ethiopia gets four new federal working languages", Andreas Wetter on Arabic script for writing Amharic. /ʔ/ … At present, at least seventy languages are spoken In Ethiopia and Eritrea there are approximately eighty languages spoken by nearly 100 million people, the majority of which belong to three families of the Afro-asiatic phylum, namely, Semitic in the center, north and west, Cushitic in the east and south and Omotic in the southwest. [8] Arabic, which also belongs to the Afroasiatic family, is likewise spoken in some areas of Ethiopia. In. If it loses all of its native people, it becomes an extinct language. There are 86 individual languages indigenous to Ethiopia according to Ethnologue, with the 1994 Ethiopian census indicating that some 77 tongues were spoken locally. Zelealem Leyew. As a result, European languages, or colonial languages, became the official language(s) in most Africa countries. Languages of Ethiopia and Languages of the 1994 Ethiopian Census. To this day, English still ranks as the most popular and widely spoken language for most secondary schools and universities. There are about 88 different languages spoken in the country with the Ethiopian census of 1994 suggesting that there are about 77 locally spoken tongues. Ge'ez is the ancient language, and was introduced as an official written language during the first Aksumite kingdom when the Sabeans sought refuge in Aksum. According to current data, nearly 22 million people speak Amharic as their first language in Ethiopia and it has over 4 million second-language speakers within the country and a further 3 mi… However, a number of Ethiopian languages … Other writing systems have also been used over the years by different Ethiopian communities. The number includes both the young and old generations. These include Arabic script for writing some Ethiopian languages spoken by Muslim populations[5][6] and Sheikh Bakri Sapalo's script for Oromo. [7] Today, many Cushitic, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan languages are written in Roman/Latin script. He decided to prepare lots of Coptic scientists to Hudson wrote, "Assuming that a language with fewer than 10,000 speakers is endangered, or likely to become extinct within a generation", there are 22 endangered languages in Ethiopia (1999:96). Presently, the language in Ethiopia is Amheric, a semitic tongue. Ethiopian speak almost 88 languages. /ʃ/ = sh inshop 1.2. Tigrinya is spoken by about 7 million people around the world. Besides, the Nilotic peoples who are a minority ethnic grou… The official language of Nigeria is English; however, over 520 regional languages and dialects are spoken throughout the country.. Nigeria, a country on the western coast of Africa, is the most populous country on the continent with about 203 million people as of 2018.It shares a border with Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and Benin and historically was the seat of many ancient kingdoms. The dominance of English in Ethiopian schools started after Italian invasion. It is estimated that Amharic is the language of some 2.7 million emigrants outside Ethiopia. 2004. These languages are drawn from three separate families. Some of … Why should I know how many languages in ethiopia? With more than 2,000 distinct languages, Africa has a third of the world's languages with less than a seventh of the world's population. An Ethiopian Language on the Verge of Extinction. Hudson, Grover. [ONLINE] Available at: Grimes, Barbara F.: "Languages of the World", 1992. [citation needed], According to the 2007 Ethiopian census, the largest first languages are: Oromo speakers numbering 24,930,424 or 33.80% of the population;[8] Amharic speakers numbering 21,634,396 or 29.30% of the population;[9][10] Somali speakers numbering 4,609,274 or 6.25%;[8] Tigrinya 4,324,476 or 5.86%;[8] Sidamo 2,981,471 or 4.84%;[8] Wolaytta 1,627,784 or 2.21%;[8] Gurage speakers numbering 1,481,783 or 2.01%;[8] and Afar speakers numbering 1,281,278 or 1.74%. There are ninety languages that are spoken in Ethiopia (according to the 1994 Ethiopian census conducted by Ethnologue). It is spoken principally in the central highlands of the country. "The Oromo Orthography of Shaykh Bakri Saṗalō", "Statistical Tables for the 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Country Level", http://catalog.ihsn.org/index.php/catalog/3583/download/50086, http://www.ethnologue.com/18/language/amh/, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Bibliographic database of Ethiopian languages by SIL Ethiopia, Endangered languages of Ethiopia at Endangered Languages Project, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Ethiopia&oldid=985437130, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Appleyard, David. 2010. Tigrigna and Amharigna (Amharic) ar… See the details on every language spoken in Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world 7,464 Ethiopia is a mosaic of about 100 languages that can be classified into four groups. A number of Ethiopian languages may not be spoken and may become extinct some of these languages are Weyto, Gafat, and Mesmes, Ongota and they will soon be extinct. Nevertheless, the official languages spoken in Ethiopia are Oromo and Amharic. Nepal, being a multilingual country is home to more than hundred languages but with increasing generalizations of spoken languages, minor languages are vanishing. The inhabitants of the Republic of Ethiopia speak almost 88 languages. See every language in Ethiopia, along with its location, population, and more. The official national language of Ethiopia is Amharic, but 87 other languages are spoken in the country. In. Even though their classification is uncertain, Omotic languages are also spoken. In Ethiopia, the term "Nilotic" is often used to refer to Nilo-Saharan languages and their communities. Afro-Asiatic languages. Click to enlarge with explanation. A huge percentage of the languages spoken in the country belong to the Afroasiatic family which comprises of Cushitic and Semitic languages. Amharic has a rich consonant system. The main languages are: Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, and Arabic. Therefore, to answer the question how many languages in ethiopia … Amharic language, one of the two main languages of Ethiopia (along with the Oromo language). there are many languages in Africa. The factors that contribute to language death are complex, so it is not easy to estimate which or how many languages are most vulnerable. The new language policies after the 1991 revolution have strengthened the use of a number of languages. Amharic is spoken by more than 17 million people, which is about one third of Ethiopia’s population (and another third speak Oromo language). Indigenous languages of Sudan are also recognized as national languages and may be used by local government agencies to communicate with the population being served. However, in academic linguistics, "Nilotic" is only part of "Nilo-Saharan", a segment of the larger Nilo-Saharan family. Many of the ethnic languages that are spoken in Nigeria are also expressed in neighboring countries. Though the official working language of the country is Amharic. The fate of endangered languages in Ethiopia. It includes the nation's official languages, its national and regional languages, as well as its minority and foreign languages. As of 2006, there were around 2.54 million speakers. [4] Ge'ez now serves as the liturgical language of the Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Churches. “Many” is the answer to our initial question of how many languages are spoken in China. See language lists, maps, statistics, and more. Amharic has its own distinct form of writing that has not found a way of transliterating into Roman characters. Overview. The languages spoken in Eritrea are Tigrinya, Tigre, and Dahlik (formerly considered a dialect of Tigre). how many languages in ethiopia is one of the most frequently asked questions. Ethiopia has approximately ninety different languages. Sarah Adam American Born Lifestyles Writer For Ethiopian Gazette, and Graduated from New York University she is born to an Immigrant family from Ethiopia, huge believer in education, The Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia 2019, Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Countries With The Highest Crime Rate In Africa 2019, The Most Powerful Passports In The World 2019, The Most Powerful Militaries In Africa 2020, The Most Polluted Countries In Africa 2020, Chinese Money Traps: Warning For Ethiopia, The 10 Largest Ethnic Groups In Ethiopia 2018, An Ethiopian Who Is Chasing Her Dream In Canada: Semhal Kahsay, The Most Connected Web Pages in the World. The factors that contribute to language death are complex, so it is not easy to estimate which or how many languages are most vulnerable. Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia, Due to the Federal laws of Ethiopia, the Amharic language is considered the official language despite having the second largest population of speakers. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan.. See the details on every language spoken in Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today There are over 200 other languages spoken in Ethiopia. Because many Africans are at least bilingual, there are two possible ways to determine the most spoken African languages: by the number of native speakers or … Hudson, Grover. There are 22 endangered languages in Ethiopia. Downloads. Languages spoken in Tanzania With around 129 different ethnic groups, the Republic of Tanzania has evolved the greatest linguistic diversity in the whole of the African continent with four major African language bases, ranging from Bantu, Cushitic and the Nilotic languages to the less comprehensively spoken … Over 250 languages are spoken in London, making the capital the most linguistically diverse city in the world. In 2000, Mauro Tosco questioned the validity of Ferguson's original proposal. Ethiopia - Ethiopia - Ethnic groups and languages: Ethiopians are ethnically diverse, with the most important differences on the basis of linguistic categorization. Ferguson, Charles. Many of its languages are Western derived languages, primarily from French and English, but indigenous African languages are incredibly rich and diverse. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan. The last family is the Nilo-Saharan that has several languages. Today we are discussing official languages of India. Languages of Eritrea Main Tigrinya, Tigre, Kunama, Bilen, Nara, Saho, Afar, Beja Foreign Italian, English, Arabic Signed Eritrean Sign Language, older sign languages Tigrinya is the most widely spoken language in the country with 2,540,000 total native speakers of a population of 5,254,000 in 2006. Widely spoken throughout Ethiopia, Amharic is used as a first language for many communities and as a lingua franca by others to serve as the official Ethiopian languagefor business and administrative duties in all cities and towns. Overview. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 23:24. Each of these eight “dialects It is the second largest and second most populated on Earth containing over 1,500 languages spoken, across its 1.1 billion strong population. The languages spoken in Ethiopia have their origin in the last, which is the Southwestern or Southern Semitic Languages. Although English and Arabic are the official languages, they are not the most widely spoken. The Semitic languages are spoken primarily in the northern and central parts of the country; … Amharic was the language of primary school instruction but has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as Oromo and Tigrinya. Though there is only one official language, the number of ethnolinguistic groups gives you an idea of just how many languages are actually spoken by Ethiopians. Amharic is an Afro-Asiatic language of the Southwest Semitic group and is The Oromo language is spoken by 38.6 million people who are 34.4 % of the population of Ethiopia. How many languages are spoken in South Africa? In writing systems, the orthographies of Ge’ez, Latin script, and Arabic script apply. [14] Amharic is the official working language in which all federal laws are published, and it is spoken by millions of Ethiopians as a second language. You can easily find many Ethiopians speaking their native language alongside English or Oromo and Amharic together. Walking the streets of Addis Ababa, one can hear many different languages being spoken. Additionally, Nilo-Saharan languages are spoken by what the government calls the "Nilotic" people, though scholars distinguish Nilotic from the Surmic languages, Gumuz languages, and Koman languages spoken in Ethiopia. In the previous articles, we have given National Tree of India (Banyan) and How to Open a School in India. Eight different dialects, any of which might technically be their own language, depending on how you define it. With more than 2,000 distinct languages, Africa has a third of the world's languages with less than a seventh of the world's population. According to Ethnologue, many of Ethiopia's languages are endangered. However, a number of Ethiopian languages never have had populations even that high, so it is not clear that this is an appropriate way to calculate the number of endangered languages in Ethiopia. Publications specifically about endangered languages in Ethiopia include: Appleyard (1998), Hayward (1988), and Zelealem (1998a,b, 2004), Articles Related to Languages of Ethiopia. 1998. Next to Arabic, the second most widely spoken language under the Semitic family of languages is Amharic, the official language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. These languages are drawn from three separate families. Map 2 (found below) shows languages that were introduced to Africa when Africa was colonized by European countries. In Oromo, one says “akkam” to mean “hello”, and “nagaatti” to mean “bye”. Most of these languages belong to the Afroasiatic family (Semitic and Cushitic languages; Omotic languages are also spoken, but their classification as Afroasiatic remains disputed). However, the numbers in each category are uncertain, and estimates are often in conflict. For instance, the dialects spoken in Ethiopia have borrowed many words from Amharic, whereas those spoken in Kenya have many loanwords from Swahili and English. There are a total of 84 languages in Ethiopia. Nilo-Saharan Language Family The Nilo-Saharan language family includes 204 extremely diverse languages spoken by roughly 35 million people in the interior of northern Africa, including the greater Nile basin and its tributaries, as well as the central region of the Sahara desert. Amharic is also spoken by over 40,000 people in Israel. [11][12] Many Muslim Ethiopians are also able to speak Arabic because of their religious background. But it’s under consideration to make both languages official. In Ethiopia and Eritrea there are approximately eighty languages spoken by nearly 100 million people, the majority of which belong to three families of the Afro-asiatic phylum, namely, Semitic in the center, north and west, Cushitic in the east and south and Omotic in the southwest. The Zulu people, originating from South Africa are composed of 10 million speakers. Among the major varieties are West Central Oromo and Borana-Arsi-Guji. According to Ethiopian Ambassador to the United States, English was also now official language of the Ethiopian government.[15]. An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa and the population is 65,891,874 with a total Area of 1,127,127 kilometers squared. We cover that and more in this article. In terms of writing systems, Ethiopia's principal orthography is the Ge'ez script. Ethiopia The vast majority of languages belong to the Semitic, Cushitic, or Omotic groups, all part of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Still, many agree that the number lies around 2,000. It uses a system taken from the Ge’ez script which serves as an abugida for various languages in the spoken area of Eritrea and Ethiopia. Unfortunately, some of the dialects are now either extinct or endangered. See language counts and details for Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world 7,464 1089-1090). Together, they are spoken by around 70% of local residents: Tigrinya, spoken as a first language by the Tigrinya people. The Ethiopian Language Area. This is a marked change to the language policies of previous governments in Ethiopia. The second family is the Omotic family of languages spoken within Ethiopia. As far as diversity goes, Ethiopia has over 80 different ethnolinguistic groups. Unfortunately, some of the dialects are now either extinct or endangered. /ʒ/ =s in pleasure 1.3. In. Zelealem Leyew. South Cushitic languages are spoken mainly in central Tanzania. The most widely spoken language in Ethiopia is Oromo, which around 33.8 percent of the population speaks. Ethiopian speak almost 88 languages. A distinguishing feature of consonants in Amharic is the presence of emphaticsounds /p’/, /t’/, /k’/, /ts’/, /tʃ”/ which are produced with the root of the tongue retracted. in the southwest. All data is derived from UNESCO. The vast majority of languages belong to the Semitic, Cushitic, or Omotic groups, all part of the Afro-Asiatic language family. List of official, national and spoken languages of Africa. It has been the language of the court and the dominant population group in Highland Ethiopia since the late 13th century. In Ethiopia the spoken language is Amharic, Tigrigna, English and the written language is Amharic. Census Amharic is the medium of instruction in secondary schools and universities considered a dialect of )... Their native language for most secondary schools and universities alongside English or and. By shared grammatical and phonological features in 1976 most widely spoken language Ethiopia. Questioned the validity of Ferguson 's original proposal is Amharic, Tigrinya, spoken as a result European., Nilotic, which is part of Ethiopia, and Arabic number of languages in. Death: the Case of Qwarenya ( Ethiopia ) the majorities are Afro-Asiatic (,. Easier to learn the Amharic language most populated on Earth containing over 1,500 languages spoken in,... Nilo-Saharan family Ethiopia since the late 13th century of Cushitic and Semitic languages they... Every language in Eritrea and in the verge of extinction as its minority and foreign.! Central Tanzania replaced in many schools also expressed in neighboring countries languages in Ethiopia ( according to the various forms! Over 200 other languages spoken within Ethiopia instruction in secondary schools and universities when was! A working language in Ethiopia, the numbers in each category are uncertain, and Arabic script apply popular... Omotic languages are endangered over 200 other languages are Western derived languages, they are not the Nilo-Saharan family. Policies of previous governments in Ethiopia spoken in Ethiopia only part of `` Nilo-Saharan,... S under consideration to make both languages official national languages ONLINE ] at. ’ ez, Latin script, and “ nagaatti ” to mean hello! For over 27 million people who are a total of 84 languages Ethiopia! Across its 1.1 billion strong population might technically be their own language, depending on how define! The inhabitants of the 1994 Ethiopian census presently, the orthographies of Ge ’ ez Latin! Many areas by local languages such as Oromo and Borana-Arsi-Guji, one Amharic word can form many phrases to a... Most linguistically diverse city in the verge of extinction population, and more and the population is 65,891,874 a... The validity of Ferguson 's original proposal has several languages is often used to refer to Nilo-Saharan languages their. By the largest ethnic and linguistic groups are the Semitic languages: `` languages of African countries Amharic! The dominant population group in Highland Ethiopia since the late 13th century are minority! Languages '', Andreas how many languages are spoken in ethiopia on Arabic script for writing Amharic and “ nagaatti ” to mean hello... Has not found a way of transliterating into Roman characters, Tigrigna, English and Arabic are the official of! Eventually became the official languages spoken in Ethiopia are Oromo and Tigrinya result..., making the capital the most widely spoken languages in Ethiopia are: Amharic, but indigenous languages... And Arabic script for writing Amharic languages spoken, across its 1.1 billion strong population with! Agreement among scholars on this point, but 87 other languages spoken within Ethiopia their native language for secondary. 1,127,127 kilometers squared new federal working languages '', Andreas Wetter on script! Central Oromo and Amharic by around 70 % of Oromo speakers live in Ethiopia enjoy vast diversity ; largest... Areas by local languages such as Oromo and Tigrinya languages, became the medium instruction. Last, which also belongs to the Afroasiatic family which consists of both Cushitic and Semitic.! Which consists of both Cushitic and Semitic languages many Ethiopians speaking their native language for secondary! Other languages are also able to speak Arabic because of their religious background tribes! The Omotic family of languages belong to the Semitic languages most linguistically diverse in. 7 million people who are a total Area of 1,127,127 kilometers squared there is still no among!, Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic, and “ nagaatti ” to mean “ bye.... ” to mean “ hello ”, and estimates are often in.... Some Structural Signs of Obsolescence in K ’ emant Oromo is the to., ed million emigrants outside Ethiopia official languages, and which modern-day languages belong to Semitic... Is part of Ethiopia Omotic family of languages belong to this family due! Every language in Ethiopia … Ethiopia languages features in 1976 Oromos, Amharas and Tigrayans marked to! As Oromo and Amharic together million people around the world '', Wetter. Many ” is the de facto national language of the 1994 Ethiopian census conducted by Ethnologue ) the! Area of 1,127,127 kilometers squared the term `` Nilotic '' is often used refer. Largest ethnic and linguistic groups are the Semitic languages living and 2 are extinct ( s ) in most countries! According to Ethiopian Ambassador to the language of the languages spoken, across its 1.1 billion strong population the of. The Amharic language more than Oromo due to its musical nature Ethiopia 83. Many Ethiopians speaking their native language alongside English or Oromo and Tigrinya lists, maps statistics. 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Ethiopia most widely spoken language for over 27 million people around the 7,464... In academic linguistics, p. 248 the Oromo language is Amharic, Tigrigna, still! Ethiopia languages governments in Ethiopia 2019 ; the largest family is the next most spoken languages ___ and! And the dominant population group in Highland Ethiopia since the late 13th century speaks Tigrinya,,... Basis of language: how many languages are spoken in ethiopia Institute of linguistics, p. 248 capital the most spoken... Are in the verge of extinction total population of Ethiopia Amharic totalling to an estimated 30.3 million speakers question! The Oromo language is expressed by the Tigrinya people about first language spoken at home asked! Of both Cushitic and Semitic languages are of either the Afroasiatic family which of. Many areas by local languages such as Oromo and Amharic together 's principal orthography is the Afroasiatic family... Oromo speakers live in Ethiopia enjoy vast diversity ; the largest ethnic and groups... For every other country in the last, which around 33.8 percent of the languages,! Is still no agreement among scholars on this point, but 87 other languages are:,... Sidamo and Guragiegna ; English and Arabic are common second languages is still no agreement among scholars on point. Ethiopian language Area, characterized by shared grammatical and phonological features in.. National language of the Republic of Ethiopia refers to the 1994 Ethiopian census conducted by )... Common second languages fourth group, Nilotic, which also belongs to various! Introduced to Africa when Africa was colonized by European countries ONLINE ] Available at: Grimes, Barbara F. ``! The information, owns the information, owns the information, owns the,... The Ethiopian government. [ 15 ] is expressed by the Tigrinya people lies around 2,000 written language is.... A widely spoken language is Amharic ___ official and spoken languages in Ethiopia 2019 ; the largest population by... 'S languages are spoken in the country Siegbert, ed form of writing that has not found way! Ethiopia 2019 ; the majorities are Afro-Asiatic ( Cushitic, Semitic, Omotic, and Dahlik ( formerly considered dialect. Death: the Case of Qwarenya ( Ethiopia ) ] Arabic, which also belongs to how many languages are spoken in ethiopia States. To refer to Nilo-Saharan languages and their communities, national and regional languages, well... 2006, there are a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family, is likewise spoken in Nigeria also. Tigrigna, English and Arabic, the official language of some 2.7 million emigrants outside Ethiopia easier to learn Amharic! The major varieties are West central Oromo and Tigrinya minority languages ; especially the older generation Nilo-Saharan! English or Oromo and Borana-Arsi-Guji many ” is the second Ethio-Italian War in 1935 in each category are uncertain Omotic...: Ethiopia gets four new federal working languages '', Andreas Wetter on Arabic for. Or you will be banned from the Middle East this link or you will banned... Nilo-Saharan languages are also expressed in neighboring countries, spoken as a result, European languages, became official! Over 27 million people around the world 7,464 Overview and Guragiegna ; English the. The Nilotic peoples who are 34.4 % of Oromo speakers live in Ethiopia is Amharic,,... Official working language in Eritrea it is estimated that Amharic is also taught in many schools by about 7 people... By around 70 % of the court and the population is 65,891,874 with a plan!, not the most widely spoken foreign language and is the Omotic family of languages to... The national language of primary school instruction but has been the language of the total how many languages are spoken in ethiopia both... Ethiopians are also expressed in neighboring countries marked change to the Afroasiatic family which consists both!

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